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Table of Contents



Genesis 1:14-19

Genesis 1:14-19

The Hebrew word    tr)a)m      "MA’OWR"
Signifies sources of light; hence, ‘luminaries’ would be a better translation.

These LIGHTS were for: SIGNS To help man locate his position when moving over the surface of the earth: they were primitive man’s compass.
SEASONS To regulate the calendar. The ‘seasons’ are spring, summer, autumn, and winter; also seed-time and harvest.



SIGNS:        'owth (oth);

Strong’s definition: "a signal (literally or figuratively), as a flag, beacon, monument, omen, prodigy, evidence, etc.
In the first mention of the heavenly bodies, the purpose of the Creator is clearly stated.   Gen. 1:14-19 reveals the fact that they were created, not only "to divide the day from the night, and to give light upon the earth"; but, they were set "for
SIGNS, and for SEASONS, and for days and years".

Psalm 50:6 And the heavens shall declare his righteousness: for God is judge himself. Selah.
Psalm 19:1 The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handiwork.
Psalm 97:6 The heavens declare his righteousness, and all the people see his glory.
Ps 147:4 He telleth the number of the stars; he calleth them all by their names.


Here we are dealing with God’s Astronomy, which should not be confused with mythical astrology.

It should be noted that the modern names are used, but only for the purposes of reader identification. Some of these names were given in ignorance, by those who had lost the primitive signification of the twelve Signs and of the thirty-six Constellations.

The stars were all named by God (Ps. 147:4). Most of these names have been lost; but over 100 are preserved through the Arabic and Hebrew, and are used by astronomers today, though their meaning is unknown to them.

Jewish tradition, preserved by *Josephus, assures us that this Bible astronomy was discovered by Adam,. Seth, and Enoch. We see evidence of it as early as Gen. 11:4, where we read of the Tower of Babel having "his top with the heavens"    (Josephus Antiquities of the Jews Chapter II Page 27 Kregel Publications).    There is nothing about the wrongly supplied italics "may reach unto". The words, doubtless, refer to the signs of the Zodiac, pictured at the top of the Tower, like the Zodiacs in the Temples of Denderah, and Esneh in Egypt. We have to remember that our written Scriptures began with Moses, approximately 1490 BC: and thus, for more than 2,500 years, the revelation of the hope which God gave in Gen. 3:15 was preserved in the naming of the stars and their grouping in signs and Constellations.

In later years, when Israel came into the possession of the written "Scriptures of truth", there was no longer any need for the more ancient writing in the heavens. Hence, the original teaching gradually faded away, and the heathen, out of the smattering they had heard by tradition, evolved their cosmogonies and mythologies. Ps. 19 contains a vivid reference to these two Books of revelation. That is why there is the very sudden change of subject at verse Psalm 7. In the first half of this Psalm all the terms are literary, in the latter half they are all astronomical, thus welding the two portions of the Psalm into one harmonious whole.

Each of the four chapters in each of these three "Books" of constellations consist of three sections; and each section is represented by a Constellation. There are thus thirty-six (3x12) Constellations, which, with the twelve Signs, make forty-eight (4x12) in all.
(From the Companion Bible)


First Book THE REDEEMER.   (His first coming)

VIRGO    The prophecy of the promises seed.
            LIBRA          The Redeemer’s work (grace).
            SCORPIO    The Redeemer’s conflict.

SAGITTARIUS    The prophecy fulfilled.

Second Book  -  THE REDEEMED. (His work and its result)

CAPRICORNUS    The prophecy of deliverance.
            AQUARIUS    Results of work bestowed.
            PISCES           Results of work enjoyed.

ARIES   The prophesied deliverance fulfilled.

Third Book  -  THE REDEEMER         (His Second Coming)

TAURUS    The prophecy of coming judgment.
            GEMINI      The Redeemer’s reign in glory
            CANCER    The Redeemer’s possession safe

LEO    The prophecy of triumph fulfilled.

Imagine yourself a man who lives before the Scriptures were compiled and who wanted to impart the wonderful story of God’s Redemption to fallen mankind. You want to tell the story to your son in hopes that it will continue down through time until the promised Coming One will take him home and restore unto the earth the glory and majesty that once was in that day before sin broke the fellowship between a good and wonderful God and mankind.

You feel much like Arabella Catherine Hankey did when she penned the words of the beloved hymn:

I love to tell the story of unseen things above.
Of Jesus and His glory, of Jesus and His love.
I love to tell the story, because I know ‘tis true.
It satisfies my longings as nothing else can do.

Sitting with your child on a rock, or by a tree on a grassy hillside, you begin to share the first account given by God - that which was written in the stars -

The Redeemer
"The sufferings of Christ."

The Father Says, pointing at the stars in the night sky:
"Look up there my Son"

VIRGO   The Prophecy of the Promised Seed.

The meaning of the word:  the Virgin
Here we have the star Al Zimach. From the Hebrew word Zemach, which means the Branch
(Isaiah 4:2; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Zech. 3:8;6:12).

COMA - The desired.   (Hag 2:7;  Num 24:17)
The Egyptian word Shes-nu which means "the desired son"
The woman and child the desired of all nations  (in the most ancient Zodiacs)
CENTAURUS - The word is Al-Beze  =  the despised   (Isaiah  53:3)
With two natures  =  The despised sin-offering
BOOTES - The coming One with branch
The Hebrew is Bo'  =  to come  (Psalm 96:13)
Hebrew Arcturus  =  He cometh  (Job 9:9)
Egyptian word Smat  =  one who rules

LIBRA   The Redeemer’s Atoning Work

Was anciently called (the Altar) In the Accadian this word is Tulki.
The two bright stars are to-day called in Arabic

Zuben al Genubi = the price which is deficient
Zuben al Chemali = the price which covers

CRUX  -   The Cross endured.
The Hebrew word karath   = to cut off (Daniel 9:26).
LUPUS  -  

The Victim slain.
The Greek name Thera    =    a beast
The Latin is Victima    =    from which we get "victim"
The Hebrew word is Zabah    =    slain
In the Zodiac of Denderah the word is Sura    =     a lamb


The Crown bestowed.
The Hebrew word is atarah = a royal crown
The Arabic word is Al iclil = a jewel
Its brightest star is Al phena = the shining one Egyptian word Smat      =     one who rules

 SCORPIO   The Redeemer’s Conflict

This word is:

In Hebrew  akrab (Psalms 91:13)
In Coptic Isidis  the attack of the enemy
In Arabic Al phena  wounding
The brightest star is 
In Arabic =  Antares  wounding
In Hebrew Lezuth  perverseness


SERPENTS -  Assaulting the man’s heel.
Hebrew kelalah   =   the accursed
The Arabic is Al hay   =   the reptile
The brightest star is called in the Hebrew ‘anak   =   encompassing

The man grasping the serpent.
This word is from the Arabic Afeichus   =  the serpent held
The brightest star is Ras al hagus   =   the head of him who holds
Other names are Megeras   =   contending
In the Zodiac of Denderah he is Aph-bau meaning   =   he chief who cometh).
Other stars are 

Triophas   =   treading under foot
Saiph  =   bruised
Carnebas   =   bruised

The mighty man victorious.
In the Zodiac of Denderah this is called Bau   =   who cometh
The Arabic is Al giscale   =   the strong one
The brightest star is Ras al Gethi   =   the head of him who bruises

SAGITTARIUS   The Redeemer’s triumph

Hebrew kesheth   =   an archer (Genesis 21:20).
Brightest star is channun (Hebrew)   =   the gracious one  (Psalms 45:2).
The next star is Nun-ki (Accadian)   =   Prince of the earth
In the Zodiac of Denderah, Pi-maere   =   graciousness
And  also in the Zodiac of Denderah, Knem   =   He conquers.
LYRA  -  Praise prepared for the Conqueror.
The brightest star is Vega   =   He shall be exalted
In the Zodiac of Denderah Fent-kar   =   the serpent ruled
ARA   - 

Fire prepared for His enemies.
Its meaning is an altar upside down, pointing to Tartarus (Isaiah 63:4,5)
Arabian Al mugamra = completing or finishing (Psalms 21:9-12)


The dragon cast down.
This ends the first book.

The Redeemed

"The work and the results"

And the Father says again:
"Now, look over here my Son"

CAPRICORNUS   The result of the Redeemer’s sufferings.

The meaning of the word   =   the goat of atonement
Zodiacs of Denderah and Esneh the word is Hu-penius   =   the place of the sacrifice
The Hebrew is Gedi   =   the kid
or Gad’a,   =   to cut off
The brightest star is Al-gedi   =   the kid
The next brightest star is Deneb al gedi   =   the sacrifice of the kid
SAGITTA   -  The arrow of God sent forth. (Psalms 38:2; Isaiah 53:4,5)
The meaning = the arrow
The Hebrew word is Shamad = destroying

The smitten One falling.
The meaning = the eagle, pierced, wounded and falling
The brightest star is Al tair = wounding
All the other stars are similar.


The dead One rising again.
Meaning = always a fish full of life, the head upwards
The Hebrew is Dalaph = pouring out of water
The Arabian is Dalaph = coming quickly

  AQUARIUS    The Blessings insured

The Hebrew Dali   =   water-urn or bucket (Num. 24:7).
In the Zodiac of Denderah he has two urns. The fish seems to have come out of one of them.
Brightest star is Sa’ad al Melik   =   the record of the pouring forth
The next star is Sa’ad al Sund   =   who goeth and returneth  (Isaiah 32:1,2; 35:1,6; 41:18; 44:2-6; 51:3).

PISCES AUSTRALIS  -  The blessings bestowed.
The southern fish
The Arabic is  Fom al haut   =   the mouth of the fish
The Zodiac of Denderah is Aar   =   a stream

The blessings quickly coming.
Meaning   =  The winged horse
Hebrew,  pehah   =   The chief,
and  su   =   a horse
Zodiac of Denderah is  Pe  and  ka  (Peka, or pega)
The brightest star is Markab
Hebrew is  merhak   =   returning from afar


The Blesser surely returning.
Zodiac of Denderah the word is Tes-ark = this from afar
also = A mighty bird, not falling dead like Aquila
The brightest star is Deneb = the Judge
also called Adige = flying swiftly
The second star is Al Bireo = flying quickly
Two other stars are Azel = who goes and returns quickly
and Fafage = gloriouly shining forth

PISCES   The Blessings in abeyance   The Blessings in abeyance

The Egyptian name in the Zodiac of Denderah is Pe-cot Orion
or Pisces Hori   =   the fishes
Another meaning   =   swarms or multitudes of Him Who cometh.
The Hebrew is  Dagi m   =   the fishes (Gen. 48:16).
The Syric name is  Nuno   =   lengthened out in posterity  ( Isa. 53:10; Ps. 33:12;37:22)
Brightest star is  Okda   =   the united
Note the two fishes   =   the earthly and heavenly callings one fish horizontal the other looking upward.
Next brightest star is  Al samaca  (Arabic)   =   the upheld  (Isa. 41:8-10)

THE BAND  -  The Great enemy. "CETUS."
The Egyptian name is  U-or   =   He cometh binding them together  (Hos. 11:4)
ANDROMEDA  -  The redeemed in bondage.
In the Zodiac of Denderah it is  Set   =   seated as a queen
Also the word  Sirco   =   the chained
The brightest star is  Al Phiratz   =   the broken down
Next brightest stars are  Mirach   =   the weak
And the Arabic,  Al amok  =   struck down  (Isa. 54:11-14; 51:21-52:3)
CEPHEUS   - The Deliverer coming to loosen.
The Greek  Cepheus   =   The King
from the Hebrew Zemah   =   The Branch
Zodiac of Denderah,  Pe-ku-hor   =   this one cometh to rule
The Ethiopian name is  Hyh   =   a king
Brightest star is  Al Deramin   =  coming quickly
Next brightest star is  Al Rai’   =   who bruises or breaks  (Jer. 31:1)

ARIES   The Blessings consummated Last of the Second Book

The meaning is   =   The ram or Lamb full of vigor
Another meaning   =   Not falling in death like Capricornus
Zodiac of Denderah,  Tametouris Ammon   =   the reign or rule of Ammon
The Hebrew name is  Taleh   =   the lamb
The Arabic name is  Al Hamel   =   the sheep
The Syric name is  Amroo = lamb as in John 1:29.
The Accadian name was  Bar-ziggar   =  The altar making right  or sacrifice of Righteousness
Brightest star is  El nath,  or  El natik   =   wounded, or slain
Next brightest star is  Al Sharatan   =   the bruised, or wounded
(See Rev. 5:9-12)

CASSIOPEIA   -  The captive delivered = the enthroned woman
Arabic name is  El seder   =   the freed
Zodiac of Denderah has  Set   =   seated as queen
The Arabic word is  Ruchba   =   the enthroned
Brightest star is Schedir   =   the freed
Next brightest star is Kaph from Hebrew   =   the branch  See Isa. 54:5-8; 62:3-5.
CETUS   -  The great enemy bound = the sea monster   (Rev. 20:1-3 & 10)
Zodiac of Denderah is  Knem   =  subdued
Brightest star is called  Menkar   =   the enemy chained
Next brightest star is  Diphda,  or Deneb Kaitos   =   overthrown,  or thrust down
Another star is called  Mira   =   the rebel (Job 41:1-10;  Isa. 51:22,23; 26:21-27:1)
PERSEUS   - The "Breaker" delivering
Hebrew word is  Perez
Greek word is Perses, or Perseus (Rom. 16:12; Mic. 2:12,13)
Zodiac of Denderah is  Kar Knem   =   he who fights and subdues
Brightest star is called  Mirfak   =   who helps
Next brightest stars are  Al Genib   =   who carries away
and  Athik   =  who breaks

The Redeemer
"The glory that should follow."

And The father points again and says:
"Now, look over there my Son"

TAURUS    Messiah coming to rule    Messiah coming in judgment

In the Chaldian language it is  Tor.
Arabic  Al Thaur.
The Greek name is  Tauros.
Latin version uses the word  Taurus.
The common Hebrew name is  Shur   =   coming and ruling
Also the other Hebrew word  Re’ em   =   pre-eminence
Brightest star is called  Al Debaran   =   the leader or Governor
The next brightest star is  El nath   =   wounded or slain
The group Pleiades is  K imah  =  heap or accumulation  (Job 9:9; Amos 5:8)
A bright star is called  Al Cyone   =   the centre
Hebrew & Syrian name is  Succoth   =   booth   (See Israel Feast’s)
Another group is called  Hyades   =   the congregated   (Deut. 33:17;Isa. 13:11-15)

ORION   -  The Redeemer breaking forth as Light.
The coming Prince. Light breaking forth, through the Redeemer
Zodiac of Denderah it is  Ha-ga-t   =   this is He Who triumphs
In Hebrew Orion is  ‘Or   =   light, or coming forth as light  (Job 38:31)
The Hebrew word is  Kesil   =   a strong one (this is Orion in Job 9:9 & Amos 5:8)
Brightest star is called  Betelgeuz   =   the coming of the Branch  (Mal. 3:2)
Next brightest star is  Rigel or  Rigol   =   the foot of him that crusheth
The next is  Bellatrix   =   swiftly destroying
Another star is called  Al Nitak   =   the wounded One
ERIDANUS   -  Wrath breaking forth as a flood - The river of judgment
Zodiac of Denderah this is called  Peh-ta-t   =   the mouth of the river
Brightest star is called  Achernar   =   the after part of the river
AURIGA   - Safety for His redeemed in the day of wrath - The Shepherd
(Isa. 40:10,11; Ezek. 34:22)
Another meaning is  "Charioteer"
The brightest star is  Alioth   =   a she-goat
The Modern Latin name is  Capella   =   a she-goat
Next  Menkilinon   =   band of goats, bound, never lost again (John 10:11)
In the Zodiac of Denderah, the shepherd carries a scepter  (Trun),  the top with a goat, and the bottom with a cross.  (Mal. 4:1-3; Ps. 37:38-40)

GEMINI        The Twins    Messiah as Prince of princes

Zodiac of Denderah is  Clusus,  or  Claustrum Hori   =   the place of Him Who cometh
The old Coptic was  Pi-Mahi   =   the united
The Hebrew is  Thaumim  (from  ta’ am)   =   double.
The root word is used in Exodus 26:24   =   wined together
The brightest star is  Apollo   =   ruler or judge
The next star is called  Hercules   =   who cometh to labor and suffer
Another star is  Al Henah   =   hurt, wounded (See Isaiah 4:2; 32:1,2;Jer. 23:5,6;33:14,15.

LEPUS   -  The enemy trodden under foot
Zodiac of Denderah has  Bashti-beki   =   falling confounded
Another meaning is   =   chased eternally
Brightest star is  Arnebo   =   the enemy of Him Who cometh
Other stars are  Nibal = the mad
Rakis   =   the bound
Sugia   =   the deceiver (See Isa. 63:3, 4)
CANIS MAJOR  -  The coming glorious Prince
This is  Sirius   =   the Prince
Sirius is also the name of the brightest star
Zodiac of Denderah it is  Apes   =   the head
In the Persian Planisphere   =   a wolf
The Hebrew word is  Ze’eb
The Persian  Tistrya  or  Tistar   =   the chieftain
The next star is called  Mirzam   =   the prince
Another star is  Wesen   =   the shining
Another star is called  Adhara   =   the glorious
CANIS MINOR  - The exalted Redeemer.

CANCER     Messiah’s Redeemed Possessions

From the Latin  cancer   =   The Crab = Messiah’s possessions held fast
The Latin is from Arabic  Khan   =   an Inn
and  Ker,  or  Cer   =   encircling.
In the Zodiac of Denderah and Esneh,  Klaria   =   cattle-folds
The Arabic name  Al Sarta’n   =   He Who holds or binds together  (Gen. 49:11)
The Greek name is  Karkinos   =   encircling
Ancient Accadian word is  Su-kul-na   =   the seizure, or possessor of seed
A bright cluster of stars is  Praesepe   =   a multitude or offspring
The brightest star is called  Tegmine   =   holding
Another star is called  Acubene   =   the sheltering or hiding-place
Another star is called  Ma’alaph   =   assembled thousands
North and south of  Praesepe are two bright stars:
     Assellus North and Assellus South: 
     their sign is called the two asses, 
     thus connecting it with Cancer, which is the sign of Issachar
    (See Gen. 49:14; Num. 2:5).

URSA MINOR  -  The lesser sheepfold.
This is called The little Bear   =   the lesser sheep-fold
The brightest star is  Dubheh   =   a herd
The Arabic name is  Dubah   =   cattle
The Hebrew word is  Dober   =   a fold, from the word dobe’ meaning rest or security, this word is rendered "strength" in
Deut. 33:25. All points to this scripture found in Judges 5:16.
The brightest star is  Al riccdaba   =   the turned or ridden on, denoting it as the Polar star.
The Greeks called it  Kunosoura   =   high in rising
From the Accadian  An-nas-sur-ra   =   high in heavenly position
The next bright star is  Kochab   =   waiting Him Who cometh
URSA MAJOR   -  The fold and the flock
This is called The great Bear  (the Fold and the Flock)  See Obadiah 17-19 Israel restored. 
In Job 9:9 & 38:31,32 it is called   =  ‘Ash and her offspring
In the American Version it is   =   Arcturus and her sons
In the Revised Version it is   =   the Bear and his train ,  sons
The Arabs call it  Al Naish  or  Annaish   =   assembled together as in a fold
The brightest star is  Dubhe   =   a flock, which gives its name to the two constellations
The next star is  Merach   =   the flock
The next is  Phaeda  or  Pharda   =   numbered or guarded   (See Psalms 147:4) 
Another star is  Benet Naish   =   daughters of the assembly
Another star is  Al Kaid   =   the assembled
ARGO    - The Ship - The pilgrim’s arrival at home
In the Egyptian Planisphere (a polar projection of the celestial sphere and the stars on a plane with adjustable circles or other appendages for showing celestial phenomena for any given time) there are two ships (like the two folds).
They occupy one-half of the south meridiams.
The brightest star is  Canopus   =   the possession of Him Who cometh).
Other names are  Sephina   =   the multitude
And  Tureis    =   the possession
Also  Asmidiska   =   the released who travel  See Jer. 30:10,11; Isa. 60:4-9. A restoration is coming

LEO    The Lion - Messiah’s Consummated Triumph

In the Zodiac of Denderah it is  Pi Mentikeon   =   the pouring out of Divine wrath
The three constellations crystallize this great truth:
    Hydra   -   the old serpent destroyed.
    Crater   -   the cup of wrath poured out on him.
    Corvus   -  the bird of prey devouring him.
The zodiac of Denderah picture exhibits all four in one.
The Syrian name is  Aryo   =   the rending lion
The Arabic is  Al Asad   =   the lion leaping forth as a flame
The brightest star is  Regulus   =   treading under foot
The next star is  Denebola   =   the Judge or Lord Who cometh
The next star is  Al Giebha   =   the exaltation
Another star is  Zosma   =   shining forth  See Gen. 49:8,9; Num. 24:8,9; Amos 4:4,8; Isa. 42:13.

HYDRA   -  The old serpent destroyed
The word  Hydra  is   =   he is abhorred
Brightest star is  Cor Hydra   =   the heart of Hydra
Its ancient name is  Al phard   =   the put away
Another star is  Al Drian   =   the abhorred).
Another star is  Minchar al Sugia   =   the piercing of the deceiver  Rev. 19:20-21
CRATER   -  The cup of wrath poured out  (See Ps. 75:8;11:6; Rev. 14:10; 16:19).
The constellation has thirteen stars
Thirteen denotes  rebellion,  apostasy,  defection,  disintegration,  revolution. 
The first occurrence fixes this  (Gen. 14:4);
And the second confirms it  (Gen. 17:25).
CORVUS   - The Raven - The birds of prey devouring
In the Zodiac of Denderah it is  Her-na   =   the enemy breaking up
There are nine stars
Nine denotes  Finality  of   judgment.
It is 3 x 3, the product of  Divine completeness.
The number nine, or its factors or multiples, is seen in all cases when judgment is the subject).
The brightest star is called  Chiba   =   accursed (Num. 23:8 )
Another star is  Minchar al Gorab   =   the raven tearing to pieces

And the father turned finally again to his son and said:

"Thus this ends the study of the Scriptures written in the Stars of Heaven my son. This is the story they tell forth. This is the speech they utter. This is the knowledge they show forth. There is no articulate speech or voice; and no words are heard; but their sayings have gone out into all the world"

"The heavens declare the glory of God; and the firmament sheweth his handy work. Day unto day uttereth speech, and night unto night sheweth knowledge. There is no speech nor language, where their voice is not heard. Their line is gone out through all the earth, and their words to the end of the world. In them hath he set a tabernacle for the sun. Which is as a bridegroom coming out of his chamber, and rejoiceth as a strong man to run a race. His going forth is from the end of the heaven, and his circuit unto the ends of it: and there is nothing hid from the heat thereof." Psalms 19:1-6

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