LIFE OF CHRIST
A Harmony of the Gospels
Then Jesus went out from there and departed to the region of
Tyre and Sidon.
And behold, a woman of Canaan came from that region and cried
out to Him, saying, "Have mercy on me, O Lord, Son of David! My
daughter is severely demon-possessed."
But He answered her not a word.
And His disciples came and urged Him, saying, "Send her away,
for she cries out after us."
(24) But He answered and said, "I
was not sent except to the lost sheep of the house of Israel."
Then she came and worshiped Him, saying, "Lord, help me!"
(26) But He answered and said, "It
is not good to take the children's bread and throw it to the
(27) And she said, "Yes, Lord, yet even the little dogs
eat the crumbs which fall from their masters' table."
(28) Then Jesus answered and said to her, "O
woman, great is your faith! Let it be to you as you desire."
And her daughter was healed from that very hour.
From there He arose and went to the region of Tyre and Sidon.
entered a house and wanted no one to know it, but He could not
For a woman whose young daughter had an unclean spirit heard
about Him, and she came and fell at His feet. (26)
The woman was a Greek, a Syrophoenician by birth,
she kept asking Him to cast the demon out of her daughter.
(27) But Jesus said to her, "Let the
children be filled first, for it is not good to take the
children's bread and throw it to the little dogs."
(28) And she answered and said to Him, "Yes, Lord, yet
even the little dogs under the table eat from the children's
(29) Then He said to her, "For this
saying go your way; the demon has gone out of your daughter."
(30) And when she had come to her house, she found the
demon gone out, and her daughter lying on the bed.
The Region of Tyre and Sidon
See Lesson 10.
A woman ... came
||The Canaanites were descendants of
Canaan; the son of
Ham in the genealogical lists found in Genesis
The land of the
Canaanites was dispossessed by Israel who had been commanded by God to
destroy all the Inhabitants (because of their wickedness), but failed to
do so under Joshua, and actually mingled with them under the Judges.
||As distinguished from a Jew, and
possibly spoke Greek.
||The region near Tyre and Sidon, modem Lebanon. She was a
Phoenician of Syria as distinguished from a Phoenician of North Africa. Possibly
spoke the Syrian language.
She kept asking Him to cast the demon out
She had three strikes against her already:
||Condemned by God to die
|Mt 15 :23
||He answered her not a word
||Not a Jew, with no claim to the
||I was not sent but unto the House of
||A wicked & idolatrous people
|Mt 15 :26
||It is not good to take the children's bread
and throw it to the dogs
Greek: kunarion little dog, puppy
Gentiles were called dogs by the Jews.
Christ merely used the common speech of His people (1 Samuel 17:43; 2
Samuel 3:8; 2 Samuel 9:8; 1 Kings 8:13). The term was not offensive.
It merely expressed the fact that Gentiles were outside the covenant
rights of Israel.
Great is your faith
Her faith was made great by:
||She calls Him Son of David
||Acknowledged Him as King
||She Kept Asking
||She Worshipped Him as LORD
||Acknowledged Him as God
Notice once again, the
||She asked Him to cast the demon out of her daughter
||He did not answer - then Sent only to Israel -
Children's food not for dogs
|PERSISTENCE OF TRUST
||She kept asking - the dogs get the crumbs
|TRIUMPH OF FAITH
||Her daughter was healed from that very hour
Jesus departed from there, skirted the Sea of Galilee, and went
up on the mountain and sat down there.
Then great multitudes came to Him, having with them the lame,
blind, mute, maimed, and many others; and they laid them down at
Jesus' feet, and He healed them.
|(31) So the
multitude marveled when they saw the mute speaking, the maimed
made whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they
glorified the God of Israel.
Again, departing from the region of Tyre and Sidon, He came
through the midst of the region of Decapolis to the Sea of
Then they brought to Him one who was deaf and had an impediment
in his speech, and they begged Him to put His hand on him.
(33) And He took him aside from the multitude, and put His
fingers in his ears, and He spat and touched his tongue.
(34) Then, looking up to heaven, He sighed, and said to
him, "Ephphatha," that is, "Be
(35) Immediately his ears were opened, and the impediment
of his tongue was loosed, and he spoke plainly.
Then He commanded them that they should tell no one; but the
more He commanded them, the more widely they proclaimed it.
|(37) And they
were astonished beyond measure, saying, "He has done all things
well. He makes both the deaf to hear and the mute to speak."
See Lesson 13 Life of Christ
Missing a limb - here was done the actual miracle of creation.
People Jesus touched:
Who He Touched
What He touched
Result of His touch
||Leprosy was cleansed
||The fever left her
||Two blind men
||Their eyes were opened
||Peter, James & John
||Two blind men
||Their eyes received sight
||Ears opened & tongue loosed
||He saw clearly
||Man full of leprosy
||The leprosy left him
||Widow's dead son at Nain
||The open coffin
||He sat up and began to speak
||The servant of the high priest
People who touched Jesus:
Who Touched Him
What they touched
Result of touching Him
||Woman with the issue of blood
||Hem of his garment
||She was made well
||Sick in the marketplaces
||Hem of his garment
||They were made well
||Pressed in on Him
||Healed them all
Excerpts from Farrar
(Life of Christ by Dr. Frederic W. Farrar Copyright: 1949)
|How long Jesus remained in Phoenicia, and at what spot He stayed, we do
not know. Probably His departure
was hastened by the publicity that attended His movements even there,
where it had been His object to quietly train His own nearest and most
Wherever He went He was unable to abstain from exercising His miraculous
powers in favor of the sufferers for whom His aid was sought; and here He
was entreated to heal a man who was deaf, and could scarcely speak. He
might have healed him by a word, but there were evidently circumstances in
his case that rendered it desirable to make the cure gradual, and to
affect it by visible signs.
He took the man aside, put His fingers in his ears, and spat, and touched
His tongue; and then Mark preserves for us the sign, and the uplifted
glance, as He spoke the one word, "Ephphatha! Be opened!" (This in the
language of Syriac ). Here again it is not revealed to us what were the
immediate influences that saddened His spirit.
He may have sighed in pity for the man; He may have sighed in pity for the
race; He may have sighed for all the sins that degrade and all the
sufferings that torture; but certainly He sighed in a spirit of deep
tenderness and compassion, and certainly that sigh ascended like an
infinite intercession into the ears of the Lord God of Hosts.
His injunction of secrecy was as usual disregarded, and all hope of
seclusion was at an end. Filled with intense and joyful amazement, these
people of Decapolis could not tear themselves from His presence,
and - semi-pagans as they were - they "glorified the God of Israel."
Now Jesus called His disciples to Himself and said, "I
have compassion on the multitude, because they have now
continued with Me three days and have nothing to eat. And I do
not want to send them away hungry, lest they faint on the way."
Then His disciples said to Him, "Where could we get enough bread
in the wilderness to fill such a great multitude?"
(34) Jesus said to them, "How many
loaves do you have?"
And they said, "seven, and a few little fish."
So He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground.
(36) And He took the seven loaves and the fish and gave
thanks, broke them and gave them to His disciples; and the
disciples gave to the multitude.
So they all ate and were filled, and they took up seven large
baskets full of the fragments that were left. (38)
Now those who ate were four thousand men, besides women and
In those days, the multitude being very great and having nothing
to eat, Jesus called His disciples to Him and said to them,
(2) "I have compassion on the
multitude, because they have now continued with Me three days
and have nothing to eat. (3) And if I send them away
hungry to their own houses, they will faint on the way; for some
of them have come from afar."
Then His disciples answered Him, "How can one satisfy these
people with bread here in the wilderness?"
(5) He asked them, "How many loaves
do you have?"
And they said, "seven."
So He commanded the multitude to sit down on the ground. And He
took the seven loaves and gave thanks, broke them and gave them
to His disciples to set before them; and they set them before
the multitude. (7) They also had a few small fish;
and having blessed them, He said to set them also before them.
So they ate and were filled, and they took up seven large
baskets of leftover fragments. (9) Now those who had
eaten were about four thousand. And He sent them away.
Where can we get enough bread in the wilderness?
Some have wondered that, in answer to the expression of His pity, the
disciples did not at once anticipate or suggest what He should do. But
surely here there is a touch of delicacy and truth. Many and many a time had they been with
multitudes before, and yet on one occasion only had He fed them; and
moreover, after He had done so, He had sternly rebuked those who came to
Him in expectation of a repeated offer of such gifts, and had uttered a
discourse so searching and strange that it alienated from Him many even of His friends and disciples.
How many loaves do you have?
But no sooner had He given them the signal of His intention, then with
perfect faith they became His ready ministers. They seated the multitude,
and distributed to them the miraculous multiplication of the 7 loaves and
the few small fishes.
This time, when they told Him what food they had,
they did not ask "But what are these among so many?"
Seven large baskets full
The word for baskets here is different than the one used for basket in
the feeding of the
||smaller baskets that would contain about 2 gallons
||large hampers, one being big enough to hold a man
Whenever Jesus saw the needy multitudes, He was moved with
compassion and wanted to help them
(Matt 9:36; 14:14; Mark 6:34).
This miracle must not be confused with one recorded in 6:32-44, for
each has its own distinguishing features:
(from The Bible Exposition Commentary. Copyright (c) 1992 by SP
Publications, Inc. All rights reserved.
|With Jesus one day
||With Jesus three days
|Took place in Galilee
||Took place near the
|Five loaves, two fish
||Seven loaves, a few
|Twelve small baskets left over
||Seven large baskets left over
Contrasting Feasts - Mark 6:42-43:
(Tyndale Handbook of Bible charts and maps,
Tyndale House Publishers, Inc.
|Who’s in charge
||the official ruler
||who were “without a leader”
||the Shepherd Supreme
||All-male birthday party
and sumptuous feast
for rich and influential
|Following Jesus into the
|Provides a simple
“poor man’s” meal of
bread and fish
||Ends in murder, grief, and guilt
|Wondering where to get food, then fed
miraculously by Jesus
|This meal points to the
heavenly banquet and
rest promised to all
In both the feeding of the 5,000 and the 4,000:
Jesus never does anything half-way - when He said He would supply ALL
our needs, He meant ALL.
|ALL the People
|ALL the Baskets of leftovers
Matthew 15:39 - 16:12
And He sent away the multitude, got into the boat, and came to
the region of Magdala.
Then the Pharisees and Sadducees came, and testing Him asked
that He would show them a sign from heaven. (2) He
answered and said to them, "When it is
evening you say, 'It will be fair weather, for the sky is red';
(3) and in the morning, 'It will be foul weather today,
for the sky is red and threatening. 'Hypocrites! You know how to
discern the face of the sky, but you cannot discern the signs of
the times. (4) A wicked and adulterous generation
seeks after a sign, and no sign shall be given to it except the
sign of the prophet Jonah."
left them and departed.
(5) Now when His disciples had come to the other side,
they had forgotten to take bread.
Then Jesus said to them, "Take heed and
beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the Sadducees."
(7) And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "It is
because we have taken no bread."
(8) But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, "O
you of little faith, why do you reason among yourselves because
you have brought no bread? (9) Do you not yet
understand, or remember the five loaves of the five thousand and
how many baskets you took up? (10) Nor the seven
loaves of the four thousand and how many large baskets you took
(11) How is it you do not understand that I did not speak
to you concerning bread? -- but to beware of the leaven of the
Pharisees and Sadducees."
(12) Then they understood that He did not tell them to
beware of the leaven of bread, but of the doctrine of the
Pharisees and Sadducees.
Immediately got into the boat with His disciples, and came to
the region of Dalmanutha.
Then the Pharisees came out and began to dispute with Him,
seeking from Him a sign from heaven, testing Him. (12)
But He sighed deeply in His spirit, and said, "Why
does this generation seek a sign? Assuredly, I say to you, no
sign shall be given to this generation."
And He left them, and getting into the boat again, departed to
the other side. (14) Now the disciples had forgotten
to take bread, and they did not have more than one loaf with
them in the boat.
Then He charged them, saying, "Take heed,
beware of the leaven of the Pharisees and the leaven of Herod."
(16) And they reasoned among themselves, saying, "It is
because we have no bread."
(17) But Jesus, being aware of it, said to them, "Why
do you reason because you have no bread? Do you not yet perceive
nor understand? Is your heart still hardened? (18)
Having eyes, do you not see? And having ears, do you not hear?
And do you not remember? (19) When I broke the
five loaves for the five thousand, how many baskets full of
fragments did you take up?"
They said to Him, "twelve."
(20) "Also, when I broke the seven
for the four thousand, how many large baskets full of fragments
did you take up?"
And they said, "seven."
He said to them, "How is it you do not
A village on the west coast of the Sea of Galilee, adjoining
is mentioned only in the New Testament.
Considerable ruins near modem Mejdel (Magdala) are considered the location.
Began to dispute with him
Matthew included the Sadducees, and the verb here is "to seek or examine
together, to discuss, dispute"
The Pharisees and Sadducees were putting
Jesus under a cross-examination, and this led to open dispute with Him.
Feigning a desire to have His doctrine fully proved to them, that they
might credit it, and become His disciples; but having no other design than
to betray and ruin Him.
|Their MOTIVES were not sincere
No sign ... except ... Jonah
The statement is literally, "If a sign shall be given."
It is a Hebrew
idiom - the idea being, "If I do not thus and so, may I die, or may God
||an absolute refusal of a sign in the
sense that the Pharisees and Sadducees conceived of a sign
||the refusal is qualified by the offer
of the miracle of the resurrection (the sign of Jonah)
This is the third public announcement of His death and resurrection, all
in answer to the same question:
|WHAT SIGN DO YOU
||John 2: 19
||"Destroy this temple, and in 3 days I
will raise it up."
||Matt 12:39; Luke 11 :29
||"No sign except the sign of Jonah."
||"No sign except the sign of Jonah."
Beware of the leaven
Evil, like leaven, is small and hidden, but it spreads and soon
infects the whole
You ran well. Who hindered you from obeying the truth? ... A little leaven
leavens the whole lump. (NKJV)
1 Cor 5:6-8
Do you not know that [just] a little leaven will ferment the whole lump
Purge (clean out) the old leaven that you may be fresh (new) dough, still
uncontaminated [as you are], for Christ, our Passover [Lamb], has been
Therefore, let us keep the feast, not with old leaven, nor with leaven of
vice and malice and wickedness, but with the unleavened [bread] of purity
(nobility, honor) and sincerity and [unadulterated] truth.
They reasoned .. and Jesus, being aware of it
Jesus administers a sharp rebuke for their preoccupation with mere
temporalities, as if there were nothing higher to be thought of than
Notice that all these are WILLFUL.
||Why do you reason?
||Implying doubt and unbelief
||Do you not perceive?
||Lack of Perception, implying dullness
||Ignorance, implying lack of interest and study
||Is your heart still hardened?
||Implying stubbornness and rebellion
||Do you not see?
||Implying willful blindness to truth
||Do you not hear?
||Implying willful rejection of truth
||Do you not remember?
||Implying willful forgetfulness
|(22) Then He came to
Bethsaida; and they brought a blind man to Him, and begged Him
to touch him. (23) So He took the blind man by the
hand and led him out of the town. And when He had spit on his
eyes and put His hands on him, He asked him if he saw anything.
(24) And he looked up and said, "I see men like trees,
(25) Then He put His hands on his eyes again and made him
look up. And he was restored and saw everyone clearly.
(26) Then He sent him away to his house, saying, "Neither
go into the town, nor tell anyone in the town."
Led him out of the town
Jesus had already cursed
Bethsaida (Matthew 11 :21 ), and now refused to do another miracle in it.
The cure was wrought in a manner very similar to
that of the deaf and dumb man in Decapolis (Mark
The ancients regarded spittle as a means of cure.
application of the spittle was probably to encourage the faith of the
Comparison of the first two
healings in this lesson:
|Deaf man with a speech impediment
|Brought to Jesus by someone else
||Brought to Jesus by someone else
|Begged Him to put His hand on him
||Begged him to touch him
|Jesus took him aside from the multitude
||Jesus led him out of the town
|Jesus spat and touched his tongue
||Jesus spit on his eyes
|Jesus put His fingers in his ears
||Jesus put his hands on him
|Jesus said to him, "Be opened."
||Jesus asked if he saw anything
|Immediately his ears were opened
||Saw fuzzy images only - men like trees, walking
|Immediately the speech impediment was loosed
||Jesus put his hands on his eyes again
||Jesus told him look up
||He saw clearly
|Jesus commanded them to tell no one
||Jesus said not to tell anyone in the town
This one is unique in that it
is the only time during the earthly ministry of Jesus that the
healing was gradual.
One reason may be explained by
Matthew 9:29 in the healing of the two blind men, when Jesus said: "According
to your faith let it be to you."
Probably our Lord did not "at once" restore him fully to
sight, that he might strengthen his faith. Seeing that Jesus
had partially restored him, it was evidence that he could
"wholly," and it led him to exercise faith anew in him.
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by
Jesus deals with each of
us individually, and according to our faith.
When Jesus came into the region of Caesarea Philippi, He asked
His disciples, saying, "Who do men say
that I, the Son of Man, am?"
(14) So they said, "Some say John the Baptist, some
Elijah, and others Jeremiah or one of the prophets."
He said to them, "But who do you say that
(16) Simon Peter answered and said, "You are the Christ,
the Son of the living God."
Jesus answered and said to him, "Blessed
are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has not revealed
this to you, but My Father who is in heaven. (18)
And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on this rock I
will build My church, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail
against it. (19) And I will give you the keys of the
kingdom of heaven, and whatever you bind on earth will be bound
in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in
Then He commanded His disciples that they should tell no one
that He was Jesus the Christ.
Now Jesus and His disciples went out to the towns of
Caesarea Philippi; and on the road He asked His disciples,
saying to them, "Who do men say that I am?"
(28) So they answered, "John the Baptist; but some say,
Elijah; and others, one of the prophets."
He said to them, "But who do you say that
Peter answered and said to Him, "You are the Christ."
Then He strictly warned them that they should tell no one about
And it happened, as He was alone praying, that His disciples
joined Him, and He asked them, saying, "Who
do the crowds say that I am?"
(19) So they answered and said, "John the Baptist, but
some say Elijah; and others say that one of the old prophets has
He said to them, "But who do you say that
Peter answered and said, "The Christ of God."
And He strictly warned and commanded them to tell this to no
||A town at the
extreme northern boundary of Palestine, about 30
miles inland from Tyre and 50 miles southeast of Damascus.
It lies in the beautiful hill country on the southern slopes of
Hermon, and was probably very near the scene of the
||The town was very ancient, being
perhaps the Baal-gad of Joshua (Joshua 12:7,13:5), and
for centuries it was a center of worship of the heathen god
"Pan," whence it was known as "Paneas" and hence the modern name Banias
(because there was no "p" in the Arabic alphabet).
Caesar presented it, with the surrounding country,
Herod the Great, who built a temple there in honor of the
emperor. Herod's son, Philip the tetrarch, enlarged the town
in honor of the Roman emperor, Tiberius Caesar, and named it Caesarea Philippi to
distinguish it from the other Caesarea.
||It lies at the easternmost of the four
sources of the Jordan, and near here these streams unite to
form the main river. It was at a secluded spot near here that
the Lord began to prepare His disciples for His approaching
sufferings and death and resurrection, and that Peter made his
To the towns - region
Apparently they did not enter the city of Caesarea
Jesus seems to have avoided the major towns in which the
Herodian passion for ambitious architecture was displayed. Besides at this
time He desired solitude.
It is also suggested that here Jesus was safe
from annoyance by Herod Antipas and the Pharisees and Sadducees.
|Who do men (the crowds) say that I am?
|But who do YOU say that I am?
Who do the crowds say that I am?
The variety of opinions which men held concerning Jesus showed that
although many connected him with Messianic prophecy, none regarded him
Messianic prophecy, none regarded him properly.
|John the Baptist
||He was the predicted forerunner
(Matt 3:1-3; 14:1-2).
So apparently Herod Antipas was not the only one to suggest that
Jesus was John risen from the dead.
||He was to precede the "day of the Lord"
But it was John the Baptist who came "in the spirit and power of
||Jeremiah was expected by some to appear
and restore the ark he had supposedly hidden (II Maccabees 2:1-8).
Or because God had set him over the kingdoms and nations (Jer
1:10), which they thought agreed with their notion of the
Some have supposed this theory was because of a supposed resemblance
between the "Man of Sorrows" and 'the weeping prophet.'
|One of the prophets
||As Luke expresses it, "one of the old
prophets has risen again."
Isn't it amazing how close "the crowds" can come to the truth (the
resurrected Messiah), while at the same time missing it entirely!
But who do you say that I am?
One thing is clear.
|We can never make a true decision about Jesus
Christ by taking a poll of the people.
The important thing is not what others say,
|but what do you and I
The decisions of the crowd (wrong or right) can never substitute for
is to prepare His disciples for His coming crucifixion just a little over
six months ahead.
You are the Christ, the Son of the Living God
||Messiah - the anointed One
The promised Savior
||And the Word became flesh
and dwelt among us, and we beheld His glory, the glory as of the
only begotten of the Father, full of grace and truth.
||"Living" is a characteristic applied to the Supreme Being, not only to
distinguish Him from the dead idols of paganism, but also to point Him out
as the SOURCE of life, present, spiritual, and eternal.
There is also an allusion here to the great name Jehovah,
which properly signifies "Being" or "Existence."
Jesus said: "...before Abraham was, I AM."
7 Great Confessions of Christ
||You are the Son of God! You are the
King of Israel!
||The Samaritan Woman
||Could this be the Christ?
||You are the Christ, the Son of the
||You are the Christ, the Son of the
||I believe that You are the Christ, the
Son of God.
||My Lord and my God!
||The Ethiopian Eunuch
||I believe that Jesus Christ is the Son
Flesh and blood has not revealed this
Matthew Henry puts it:
"Thou hadst this neither by the invention of thy own wit and reason, nor
by the instruction and information of others; this light sprang neither
from nature nor from education, but from my Father who is in heaven."
(from Matthew Henry's Commentary on the Whole Bible: New Modern Edition,
Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1991 by Hendrickson Publishers, Inc.)
Adam Clark says:
"It requires an express revelation of God in a man's soul, to give
him a saving acquaintance with Jesus Christ; and that not even the
miracles of our Lord, performed before the eyes, will effect
this. The darkness must be removed from the heart by the Holy
Spirit, before a man can become wise unto salvation."
This revelation comes not from Human Teaching
This revelation comes not from Human Logic
This revelation comes only from the
Grace of God.
You are Peter - On this Rock
||Signifies a stone, or a fragment of a
(It is the Greek counterpart to the Aramaic,
||Signifies a ledge of rock, or a rocky
peak, like Gibraltar
The rock is Jesus Christ
|Christ said so
||(Matt 21:42) referring to Isaiah 28:16
|Peter himself said so
||(1 Peter 2:4-8; Acts 4:11-12 with Ps 118:22).
|Paul names Christ as the Rock
||(1 Cor 10:4)
|Paul calls Christ the Head of the church
||(Eph 1:20-23; 4:8-16; 5:23; Col 1:18)
|Throughout the OT, the rock speaks of God and not
||(Deut 32:4,15; Dan 2:45; Ps 18:2)
I will build My church" (v. 18,
NIV; see 1 Cor
|You are Peter
||(petros, a small rock)
|and on this rock
||(petra, a large rock foundation)
And I tell you, you are Peter [Greek, Petros — a large piece of rock], and
on this rock [Greek, petra — a huge rock like Gibraltar] I will build My
|On God's part
||It was on Jesus that the church would be built.
|On man's part
||It was on Peter's statement
on which the church would be built.
|"You are the Messiah, the son of the living God"
Jesus said to them, "Have you never read in the Scriptures: 'The
stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.'"
Therefore thus says the Lord GOD: "Behold, I
lay in Zion a stone for a foundation, a tried stone, a precious
cornerstone, a sure foundation." (NKJV)
1 Peter 2:4
Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men, but chosen by
God and precious. (NKJV)
This is the 'stone which was rejected by you builders, which has become
the chief cornerstone.' (NKJV)
The stone which the builders rejected has become the chief cornerstone.
1 Corinthians 10:4-5
For they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock
was Christ. (NKJV)
He is the Rock, His work is perfect; for all His ways are justice, a God
of truth and without injustice; righteous and upright is He.
Inasmuch as you saw that the stone was cut out of the mountain without
hands, and that it broke in pieces the iron, the bronze, the clay, the
silver, and the gold -- the great God has made known to the king what will
come to pass after this. The dream is certain, and its interpretation is
The LORD is my rock and my fortress and my
deliverer; my God, my strength, in whom I will trust; my shield and the
horn of my salvation, my stronghold. (NKJV)
The gates of hell
In ancient times the gates of fortified cities were used to hold councils
in, and were usually places of great
In this sense, all the council, wisdom, and strength of Satan
and those in his abode, are not able to withstand the onslaughts of the
Church and the Gospel.
Sometimes the gates are taken for the troops that issue out from them.
may firmly believe that, though hell should open her gates, and vomit out
her devil and all his angels, to fight against Christ and His saints, ruin
and discomfiture must be the consequence on their part, as the arm of the
Omnipotent must prevail.
From this we find that:
|The Gospel is superior
|The Gospel is superior
When the Jews made a man a doctor of the law, they put into his hand the
key of the closet in the temple where the sacred books were kept, and also
tablets to write upon; signifying, by this, that they gave him authority
to teach, and to explain the Scriptures to the people.
To Peter was first given the "keys", but not to Peter alone, since in
Matthew 18:18 and John 20:23 He gives the same power and authority to the
other disciples as well.
But Peter was first - unlocking the door, you might say:
From that time Jesus began to show to His disciples that He must
go to Jerusalem, and suffer many things from the elders and
chief priests and scribes, and be killed, and be raised the
Then Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him, saying, "Far
be it from You, Lord; this shall not happen to You!"
(23) But He turned and said to Peter, "Get
behind Me, Satan! You are an offense to Me, for you are not
mindful of the things of God, but the things of men."
Then Jesus said to His disciples, "If
anyone desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take
up his cross, and follow Me. (25) For whoever
desires to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his
life for My sake will find it. (26) For what profit
is it to a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own
soul? Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?
(27) For the Son of Man will come in the glory of His
Father with His angels, and then He will reward each according
to his works.
(28) Assuredly, I say to you, there
are some standing here who shall not taste death till they see
the Son of Man coming in His kingdom."
Mark 8:31 - 9:1
And He began to teach them that the Son of Man must suffer many
things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and
scribes, and be killed, and after three days rise again.
(32) He spoke this word openly.
Peter took Him aside and began to rebuke Him. (33)
But when He had turned around and looked at His disciples, He
rebuked Peter, saying, "Get behind Me,
Satan! For you are not mindful of the things of God, but the
things of men."
When He had called the people to Himself, with His disciples
also, He said to them, "Whoever desires to
come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his cross, and
follow Me. (35) For whoever desires to save his life
will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My sake and the
gospel's will save it. (36) For what will it profit
a man if he gains the whole world, and loses his own soul?
(37) Or what will a man give in exchange for his soul?
(38) For whoever is ashamed of Me and My words in this
adulterous and sinful generation, of him the Son of Man also
will be ashamed when He comes in the glory of His Father with
the holy angels."
And He said to them, "Assuredly, I say to
you that there are some standing here who will not taste death
till they see the kingdom of God present with power."
Saying, "The Son of Man must suffer many
things, and be rejected by the elders and chief priests and
scribes, and be killed, and be raised the third day."
Then He said to them all, "If anyone
desires to come after Me, let him deny himself, and take up his
cross daily, and follow Me. (24) For whoever desires
to save his life will lose it, but whoever loses his life for My
sake will save it. (25) For what profit is it to a
man if he gains the whole world, and is himself destroyed or
lost? (26) For whoever is ashamed of Me and My
words, of him the Son of Man will be ashamed when He comes in
His own glory, and in His Father's, and of the holy angels.
(27) But I tell you truly, there are
some standing here who shall not taste death till they see the
kingdom of God."
Rejected by the elders - chief priests - scribes
The religious leaders of Israel put Jesus to the test for the purpose of
approving Him as Messiah, for they were looking for their Messiah.
did not meet their specifications. He was not the kind of a Messiah the
They wanted a military leader who would liberate them from
the yoke of Rome, not a Savior who would free them from their bondage to
They were typically human - they wanted to satisfy the flesh, and
starve the spirit.
He spoke this word openly
He spoke the word plainly, unmistakably.
He used frank, unreserved
speech, not hints or veiled allusions, such as He had previously given.
Peter took him aside
Peter took him aside, apart from the rest, possibly presuming on the
distinction just conferred on him.
Like many others, Peter assumed a greater position in the Kingdom of
God that what Jesus had actually meant.
The idea of the compound verb is that
of someone taking hold of another so as to have him facing him.
Jesus aside from the other disciples in order to rebuke Him.
When He turned around
The word in Mark 8:33 is literally, "to turn one's self about."
Peter had taken Jesus
off to himself. But when Jesus heard what Peter said, He quickly wheeled
around with His back to Peter.
Although His back was toward Peter, and He was facing the other
disciples, He spoke to Peter. Since Peter had "taken him aside,"
most likely the others did not hear this conversation.
Get behind me Satan
It was an agonizing cry, for Jesus recognized a repetition of the
temptation of Satan (Matthew 4:9).
Here was Satan again, using the
foremost of the disciples, to tempt Jesus to go around the Cross.
You are not mindful of the things of God
The word "mindful is 'phroneo' which here has the meanings, "to be of
one's party, to side with him, to direct one's mind to a thing, to seek or
This was actually a two-fold rebuke:
|The first to Satan
||Get behind me - you are an offense to
|Because he was always trying to defeat the
purpose of God
|The second to Peter
||You are not mindful of the things of
|Because he was concerned with the things of men, instead of the things of God.
Whoever desires to come after Me
"Desire" is 'thelo', to desire. It
is a matter of the 'will' - of desires and motives.
The word "follow" is "to take the same road as another does."
It is used
with the associative instrumental case.
It is: "Let him follow WITH ME."
The idea is not that of following behind
another, but that of accompanying the other person, taking the same road
that he takes and fellowshipping with him along that road.
The principles of the Christian life are:
|To have a sincere desire to belong to
||If any man be
|To renounce self-dependence, and
|To embrace the condition that God has
||Let him take up his
|To imitate Jesus and fellowship with Him
||GO WITH ME
What profit is it?
In this world today, it seems all things are measured by Profit and
But God puts the reality of true wealth before us:
|To those that would be rich:
||Beware! Don't be greedy for what
you don't have. Real life is not measured by how much we
own. (New Living Translation)
|To those that are rich
|1 Tim 6:17
||Tell those who are rich in this
world not to be proud and not to trust in their money, which
will soon be gone. (New Living
In Mark 4:19 Jesus classifies the "deceitfulness of riches" as
one of the things that choke out the Word of God and causes
Hebrews 11:26 it shows that Moses understood True Riches
|He thought it was better to suffer for the sake of
the Messiah than to own the treasures of Egypt, for he was looking
ahead to the great reward that God would give him.
(New Living Translation)
... and that He might make known the riches of His glory.
Oh, the depth of the riches both of the wisdom and
knowledge of God! (NKJV)
That in the ages to come He might show the exceeding riches of His
grace in His kindness toward us in Christ Jesus.
...that I should preach among the Gentiles the unsearchable riches of
And my God shall supply all your need according to His riches in
glory by Christ Jesus. (NKJV)
Till they see the Son of man coming in His kingdom
This is fulfilled 6 days later, in the next section when Peter, James,
and John see Jesus transformed before their eyes.
Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John his
brother, led them up on a high mountain by themselves; (2)
and He was transfigured before them. His face shone like the
sun, and His clothes became as white as the light. (3)
And behold, Moses and Elijah appeared to them, talking with Him.
Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Lord, it is good for us
to be here; if You wish, let us make here three tabernacles: one
for You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah."
While he was still speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed
them; and suddenly a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This
is My beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased. Hear Him!"
(6) And when the disciples heard it, they fell on their
faces and were greatly afraid.
But Jesus came and touched them and said, "Arise,
and do not be afraid."
When they had lifted up their eyes, they saw no one but Jesus
Now as they came down from the mountain, Jesus commanded them,
saying, "Tell the vision to no one until
the Son of Man is risen from the dead."
And His disciples asked Him, saying, "Why then do the scribes
say that Elijah must come first?"
(11) Jesus answered and said to them, "Indeed,
Elijah is coming first and will restore all things. (12)
But I say to you that Elijah has come already, and they did not
know him but did to him whatever they wished. Likewise the Son
of Man is also about to suffer at their hands."
(13) Then the disciples understood that He spoke to them
of John the Baptist.
Now after six days Jesus took Peter, James, and John, and led
them up on a high mountain apart by themselves; and He was
transfigured before them. (3) His clothes became
shining, exceedingly white, like snow, such as no launderer on
earth can whiten them. (4) And Elijah appeared to
them with Moses, and they were talking with Jesus.
Then Peter answered and said to Jesus, "Rabbi, it is good for us
to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for You, one
for Moses, and one for Elijah" -- (6) because he did
not know what to say, for they were greatly afraid.
And a cloud came and overshadowed them; and a voice came out of
the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved Son. Hear Him!"
Suddenly, when they had looked around, they saw no one anymore,
but only Jesus with themselves.
Now as they came down from the mountain, He commanded them that
they should tell no one the things they had seen, till the Son
of Man had risen from the dead. (10) So they kept
this word to themselves, questioning what the rising from the
And they asked Him, saying, "Why do the scribes say that Elijah
must come first?"
(12) Then He answered and told them, "Indeed,
Elijah is coming first and restores all things. And how is it
written concerning the Son of Man, that He must suffer many
things and be treated with contempt? (13) But I say
to you that Elijah has also come, and they did to him whatever
they wished, as it is written of him."
Now it came to pass, about eight days after these sayings, that
He took Peter, John, and James and went up on the mountain to
pray. (29) As He prayed, the appearance of His face
was altered, and His robe became white and glistening.
(30) And behold, two men talked with Him, who were Moses
and Elijah, (31) who appeared in glory and spoke of
His decease which He was about to accomplish at Jerusalem.
But Peter and those with him were heavy with sleep; and when
they were fully awake, they saw His glory and the two men who
stood with Him. (33) Then it happened, as they were
parting from Him, that Peter said to Jesus, "Master, it is good
for us to be here; and let us make three tabernacles: one for
You, one for Moses, and one for Elijah" -- not knowing what he
While he was saying this, a cloud came and overshadowed them;
and they were fearful as they entered the cloud. (35)
And a voice came out of the cloud, saying, "This is My beloved
Son. Hear Him!"
When the voice had ceased, Jesus was found alone.
they kept quiet, and told no one in those days any of the things
they had seen.
Peter, James, and John
This is the second time they were called apart from the rest.
First, they were the
sole witnesses of the resurrection of Jairus' daughter (Mark 5:37)
of the Transfiguration of Jesus.
Mount Hermon is commonly supposed to have been the scene of the
"Hermon, which is indeed the center of all the Promised
Land, from the entering in of Hamath unto the river of Egypt; the mount of
fruitfulness, from which the springs of Jordan descended to the valleys of
Israel. Along its mighty forest -- venues, until the grass grew fair with
the mountain lilies, His feet dashed in the dew of Hermon. He must have
gone to pray His first recorded prayer about death. and from the steep of
it, before He knelt. could see to the south all the dwelling-place of the
people that had sat in darkness, and seen the great light-the land of
Zebulon and of Naphtali, Galilee of the nations; could see, even with His
human sight, the gleam of that Lake by Capernaum and Chorazin, and many a
place loved by Him and vainly ministered to, whose house was now left unto
them desolate; and chief of all, far in the utmost blue, the hills above
Nazareth, sloping down to His old home: hills on which the stones yet lay
loose that had been taken up to cast at Him." (Ruskin)
He was transfigured
||His face shone like the sun, and His
clothes became as white as the light
||His clothes became shining, exceedingly
white, like snow
||His face was altered, and His robe
became white and glistening.
The simple verb refers to the act of giving outward expression of one's
What a contrast to that
"visage more marred than men, and His form than the sons of men!"
Moses and Elijah
Peter answered and said to Jesus
The record does not indicate that Peter was addressed during this
conversation between Jesus, Moses and Elijah.
Here is impetuous, unpredictable Peter, intruding himself into the
The compound verb means "to give off from one's self a
From the whole of this emblematic transaction, we can see:
||The reality of the world of spirits
||The immortality of the soul
||The resurrection of the body
||The fulfillment of the Mosaic
||The fulfillment of the predictions of
the prophets relative to the Person, Nature, Sufferings, Death, and
Resurrection of Jesus
||The glory of Jesus that should follow
||The establishment of the Gospel of the
Son of God
||The establishment of Jesus as the sole
availing offering for sin, and the grand mediator between God and
Tell the vision to no man
On several occasions we see Jesus performing miracles followed by
the command: Tell no one!
||The leper healed
||See that you tell no one
||The deaf mute healed
||He commanded them that they should tell
||Jairus' Daughter healed
||Tell no one what happened
||The blind man healed
||Neither go into the town, nor tell
anyone in the town
Mark 8:30; Luke 9:21
||The disciples when told of His
|Tell no one that He was Jesus the
|Matt 17:9; Mark 9:9
||Peter, James & John on
|Tell the vision to no one until the Son
of Man is risen from the dead
On other occasions Jesus said: Go and tell!
|Matt 10:27; Luke 12:3
||Jesus teaching the Twelve
||What I tell you....speak
||The Demoniac Healed
||Go home and tell your friends what God
has done for you, and of His compassion
||Go tell John the things you hear and
||To the Pharisees
||Go tell that fox (Herod)
From these examples, the difference is clear:
|Luke 13:32 - ... the third day I
shall be perfected ... for it cannot be that a prophet should
perish outside of Jerusalem.
|It was not yet time for Israel to accept
Jesus as their Messiah.
Although Jesus publicly and repeatedly
fulfilled the prophecies of the Messiah, His mission as Man
among men was to die - to be our sacrifice.
at that time was not to be accepted by Israel as their
Messiah, but to be accepted by the Father as the true and
eternal sacrifice for our sin.
1 John 4:10
In this is love, not that we loved God, but that He loved us
and sent His Son to be the propitiation (sacrifice)
for our sins.
Go and Tell
|Jesus always reached out to the individual.
He wanted the friends and family of the man who had been demon
possessed to know of God's love for them.
He wanted John the Baptist to know that He was the Messiah so
John would not lose faith in his suffering.
He gave Herod, personally, both a warning and the chance
to accept Him.
And when they had come to the multitude,
came to Him, kneeling down to Him and saying, (15)
"Lord, have mercy on my son, for he is an epileptic and suffers
severely; for he often falls into the fire and often into the
water. (16) So I brought him to Your disciples, but
they could not cure him."
Then Jesus answered and said, "O faithless
and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you? How long
shall I bear with you? Bring him here to Me."
And Jesus rebuked the demon, and it came out of him; and the
child was cured from that very hour.
Then the disciples came to Jesus privately and said, "Why could
we not cast it out?"
(20) So Jesus said to them, "Because
of your unbelief; for assuredly, I say to you, if you have faith
as a mustard seed, you will say to this mountain, 'Move from
here to there,' and it will move; and nothing will be impossible
(21) However, this kind does not go out except by prayer
And when He came to the disciples, He saw a great multitude
around them, and scribes disputing with them. (15)
Immediately, when they saw Him, all the people were greatly
amazed, and running to Him, greeted Him. (16) And He
asked the scribes, "What are you discussing with them?"
Then one of the crowd answered and said, "Teacher, I brought You
my son, who has a mute spirit. (18) And wherever it
seizes him, it throws him down; he foams at the mouth, gnashes
his teeth, and becomes rigid. So I spoke to Your disciples, that
they should cast it out, but they could not."
He answered him and said, "O faithless
generation, how long shall I be with you? How long shall I bear
with you? Bring him to Me." (20) Then they
brought him to Him. And when he saw Him, immediately the spirit
convulsed him, and he fell on the ground and wallowed, foaming
at the mouth.
(21) So He asked his father, "How
long has this been happening to him?"
And he said, "From childhood. (22) And often he has
thrown him both into the fire and into the water to destroy him.
But if You can do anything, have compassion on us and help us."
(23) Jesus said to him, "If you can
believe, all things are possible to him who believes."
(24) Immediately the father of the child cried out and
said with tears, "Lord, I believe; help my unbelief!"
When Jesus saw that the people came running together, He rebuked
the unclean spirit, saying to it, "Deaf
and dumb spirit, I command you, come out of him and enter him no
more!" (26) Then the spirit cried out,
convulsed him greatly, and came out of him. And he became as one
dead, so that many said, "He is dead." (27) But
Jesus took him by the hand and lifted him up, and he arose.
And when He had come into the house, His disciples asked Him
privately, "Why could we not cast it out?"
|(29) So He
said to them, "This kind can come out by
nothing but prayer and fasting."
Now it happened on the next day, when they had come down from
the mountain, that a great multitude met Him.
Suddenly a man from the multitude cried out, saying, "Teacher, I
implore You, look on my son, for he is my only child. (39)
And behold, a spirit seizes him, and he suddenly cries out; it
convulses him so that he foams at the mouth; and it departs from
him with great difficulty, bruising him. (40) So I
implored Your disciples to cast it out, but they could not."
Then Jesus answered and said, "O faithless
and perverse generation, how long shall I be with you and bear
with you? Bring your son here." (42) And as
he was still coming, the demon threw him down and convulsed him.
Jesus rebuked the unclean spirit, healed the child, and gave him
back to his father.
(43) And they were all amazed at the majesty of God.
My son is an epileptic
The King James translates it: lunatic.
One who was most affected with this disorder at the change of the moon,
and at the full moon.
But this lunacy was occasioned by a demon. In this case, the
devil intended to hide himself under the appearance of a natural disorder,
that no supernatural means might be resorted to for his expulsion.
It convulses him
"To convulse completely." The demon threw the boy into a
The picture is that of the boy being rolled on the ground by the
As a mustard seed
The mustard seed is pure - it cannot be crossed with anything else - it
is pure bred.
Pure, a total lack of doubt.
|This speaks, not of the amount of faith, but of the
So Jesus answered and said to them, "Have faith in God. For assuredly, I
say to you, whoever says to this mountain, 'Be removed and be cast
into the sea,' and does not doubt in his heart, but believes
that those things he says will be done, he will have whatever he says.
Prayer and Fasting
Fasting and Prayer — The Cure for Unbelief
Thirty-five Bible Fasts
Dake's Study Notes)
||1 Kings 21:27-29
||2 Chron. 20:1-25
||Esther 4:1-3; Esther 9:1-3
||Psalm 35:13; Psalm 69:10;
||Church at Antioch
||2 Corinthians 6:5; 2 Cor.
||2 Samuel 3:35
||1 Samuel 7:6-14
||2 Samuel 1:12
||Esther and Mordecai
||2 Samuel 12:16-23
||1 Samuel 31:13
||Paul and 276 men
||Exodus 24:13-18; Exodus
||1 Kings 19:7-18