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A Harmony of the Gospels




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Each evangelist's account of the resurrection emphasizes different particulars.
Matthew alone notes the outward glory,  the earthquake,  the agency of the angel,  and the impotence of the military and priestly power to crush the new faith.

The order of events as here recorded is somewhat confused,  and debated by many.
However,  we may suggest that it went something like this:

1. Mark 16:1
The two Mary's and Salome bought the spices the previous evening at the close of the Sabbath
2. Matthew 28:1;  Mark 16:1;  Luke 24:1;  John 20:1
They came early in the morning to anoint the body
3. Luke 24:2,3;  John 20:1
As they were coming, they felt the earthquake, and saw that the stone was rolled away, and that the tomb was empty
4. John 20:2
Mary Magdalene, who did not enter with the other women, or approach as closely, thought that someone had stolen the body, and ran back immediately to tell the disciples
5. Matthew 28:5-7;  Mark 16:5-7;  Luke 24:3-7
The other Mary and Salome actually entered the tomb, and saw the angels, who told them to return to the disciples and tell them that Jesus was risen, and would precede them to Galilee
6. Matthew 28:8;  Mark 16:8;  Luke 24:8,9
There were other women who had come along, and apparently the women reacted differently -
some returned with joy, telling the disciples -
others, from fear, said nothing until later -
in any event, the message which the women got to the disciples was garbled at best.
7. John 20:2-4
It was Mary Magdalene, who apparently had not remained with the other women at the tomb, who told them that His body had been removed, whereupon Peter and John ran to the tomb, Mary following behind them.
8. John 20:5-10
After Peter and John had seen inside the tomb they left, and John believed
9. John 20:11-17
Mary Magdalene remained in the garden, still under the impression that the body had been moved, until Jesus appeared to her.
10. Luke 24:10;  John 20:18
It was then, after she had seen Jesus for herself, that she joined in with the other women, telling the Disciples what they had seen and heard, and that HE  WAS  ALIVE!

Matthew 28:1-10
(1)   Now after the Sabbath, as the first day of the week began to dawn, Mary Magdalene and the other Mary came to see the tomb. 
(2)  And behold, there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven, and came and rolled back the stone from the door, and sat on it.  (3)  His countenance was like lightning, and his clothing as white as snow.  (4)  And the guards shook for fear of him, and became like dead men.
(5)  But the angel answered and said to the women, "Do not be afraid, for I know that you seek Jesus who was crucified.  (6)  He is not here; for He is risen, as He said. Come, see the place where the Lord lay.  (7)  And go quickly and tell His disciples that He is risen from the dead, and indeed He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him. Behold, I have told you."
(8)  So they went out quickly from the tomb with fear and great joy, and ran to bring His disciples word.
(9)  And as they went to tell His disciples, behold, Jesus met them, saying, "Rejoice!" So they came and held Him by the feet and worshiped Him.  (10)  Then Jesus said to them, "Do not be afraid. Go and tell My brethren to go to Galilee, and there they will see Me."

Mark 16:1-11
(1)  Now when the Sabbath was past, Mary Magdalene, Mary the mother of James, and Salome bought spices, that they might come and anoint Him.  (2)  Very early in the morning, on the first day of the week, they came to the tomb when the sun had risen.
(3)  And they said among themselves, "Who will roll away the stone from the door of the tomb for us?"  (4)  But when they looked up, they saw that the stone had been rolled away -- for it was very large.  (5)   And entering the tomb, they saw a young man clothed in a long white robe sitting on the right side; and they were alarmed.
(6)  But he said to them, "Do not be alarmed. You seek Jesus of Nazareth, who was crucified. He is risen! He is not here. See the place where they laid Him.  (7)  But go, tell His disciples -- and Peter -- that He is going before you into Galilee; there you will see Him, as He said to you."
(8)  So they went out quickly and fled from the tomb, for they trembled and were amazed. And they said nothing to anyone, for they were afraid.
(9)  Now when He rose early on the first day of the week, He appeared first to Mary Magdalene, out of whom He had cast seven demons.  (10)  She went and told those who had been with Him, as they mourned and wept.  (11)  And when they heard that He was alive and had been seen by her, they did not believe.
Luke 24:1-12
(1)   Now on the first day of the week, very early in the morning, they, and certain other women with them, came to the tomb bringing the spices which they had prepared. 
(2)  But they found the stone rolled away from the tomb.  (3)  Then they went in and did not find the body of the Lord Jesus.  (4 ) And it happened, as they were greatly perplexed about this, that behold, two men stood by them in shining garments.  (5)  Then, as they were afraid and bowed their faces to the earth, they said to them, "Why do you seek the living among the dead?  (6)  He is not here, but is risen! Remember how He spoke to you when He was still in Galilee,  (7)  saying, 'The Son of Man must be delivered into the hands of sinful men, and be crucified, and the third day rise again.'"
(8)  And they remembered His words.
 (9)  Then they returned from the tomb and told all these things to the eleven and to all the rest.  (10)  It was Mary Magdalene, Joanna, Mary the mother of James, and the other women with them, who told these things to the apostles.  (11)  And their words seemed to them like idle tales, and they did not believe them.  (12)  But Peter arose and ran to the tomb; and stooping down, he saw the linen cloths lying by themselves; and he departed, marveling to himself at what had happened.
John 20:1-18
(1)   Now the first day of the week Mary Magdalene went to the tomb early, while it was still dark, and saw that the stone had been taken away from the tomb. 
 (2)  Then she ran and came to Simon Peter, and to the other disciple, whom Jesus loved, and said to them, "They have taken away the Lord out of the tomb, and we do not know where they have laid Him."
(3)  Peter therefore went out, and the other disciple, and were going to the tomb.  (4)  So they both ran together, and the other disciple outran Peter and came to the tomb first.  (5)  And he, stooping down and looking in, saw the linen cloths lying there; yet he did not go in.  (6)  Then Simon Peter came, following him, and went into the tomb; and he saw the linen cloths lying there,  (7)  and the handkerchief that had been around His head, not lying with the linen cloths, but folded together in a place by itself.  (8)  Then the other disciple, who came to the tomb first, went in also; and he saw and believed.  (9)  For as yet they did not know the Scripture, that He must rise again from the dead.  (10)  Then the disciples went away again to their own homes.
(11)  But Mary stood outside by the tomb weeping, and as she wept she stooped down and looked into the tomb.  (12)  And she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.  (13)  Then they said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping?"
She said to them, "Because they have taken away my Lord, and I do not know where they have laid Him."
(14)  Now when she had said this, she turned around and saw Jesus standing there, and did not know that it was Jesus.  (15)  Jesus said to her, "Woman, why are you weeping? Whom are you seeking?"
She, supposing Him to be the gardener, said to Him, "Sir, if You have carried Him away, tell me where You have laid Him, and I will take Him away."
(16)  Jesus said to her, "Mary!"
She turned and said to Him, "Rabboni!" (which is to say, Teacher).
(17)  Jesus said to her, "Do not cling to Me, for I have not yet ascended to My Father; but go to My brethren and say to them, 'I am ascending to My Father and your Father, and to My God and your God.'"
(18)  Mary Magdalene came and told the disciples that she had seen the Lord, and that He had spoken these things to her.

The linen clothes lying by themselves

Had the body been stolen away, all that was wrapped about it would have been taken away with it;  as the delay which must have been occasioned by stripping it might have led to the detection of the theft;  nor would the disciples have run such a risk if they had stolen Him,  when stripping the body could have answered no end.

All the particulars noted by John prove that the thing was done

in order and
regularity being observed through the whole.

It was one of the trademarks of  the earthly ministry of Jesus -

never rushed,
always on time
everything in order, and
with a purpose.

They did not know the Scripture

Possibly referring to Psalm 16:10:
"For You will not leave my soul in Sheol,  nor will You allow Your Holy one to see corruption."  (NKJV)
The NASB has it:
"For You will not abandon my soul to Sheol;  nor will You allow Your Holy One to undergo decay."

It was certainly a reproach to the disciples that they had not understood this prophecy,  when Jesus had given them often the most direct information concerning it.  Jesus had referred to the history of  Jonah,  which was at once the type and the proof of His own resurrection.

But we will not think too harshly of them when we remember Luke 18:33,34:
"...and the third day he shall rise again.  And they understood none of these things; and this saying was hid from them, and they perceived not the things that were said  ("When the Spirit is come. ..."  They would understand).

Two angels in white sitting

John 20:12 says that when Mary Magdalene looked into the tomb, "she saw two angels in white sitting, one at the head and the other at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain."

Like the cherubim on the mercy-seat,  between which  "the Lord of  hosts dwelt,"  Exodus 25:22.

Jesus said to her, "Mary"

It was Jesus Himself  standing before her.
It was Jesus,  but not as she had known Him.
There was something spiritual,  something not of earth,  in that risen and glorified body.

Do not cling to me

Some have translated it: "Do not touch me."
The word for  "touch", or "cling,"  is  "apto"  - light, kindle (a fire);  touch,  take hold of,  hold,  cling to,  handle.

Some have suggested

That Jesus was telling Mary not to touch Him,  because He had not yet ascended to His
Father to offer the blood of the sacrifice upon the mercy seat,  and to be an acceptable sacrifice.  If  He was touched by sinful humanity before this,  He would be defiled,  and the sacrifice would not be acceptable.

Another thought is:

Remembering that immediately upon His death the veil was rent from top to bottom,
thus opening the Holiest Place;
and the graves being opened;
and Jesus Himself saying in His dying breath  "It is FINISHED!";
plus the fact that some actually came out of their graves at His resurrection;
with all this in mind, it seems somewhat inconsistent to say that the sacrifice had not as yet been accepted.
Jesus IS the Mercy Seat.


When we consider the major meanings of  the word  "touch,"  is it not possible to suppose that Jesus was telling Mary that she should not cling to Him,  as to hold Him here for fear of another separation from the One whom she loved so much -
that it was necessary for Him to go away,  as He had told His disciples,  in order for the Spirit to come,  and for there to be an even more precious closeness  (one which could never be taken away)  with Him than His physical presence could afford.

This phrase could be quite literally translated  "stop clinging to me! You can't hold me here!"

Go to My brethren

Spiritual relationships now take the place of natural relationships.

At first they were SERVANTS    (Luke 12:38)
Then DISCIPLES  (Students, Followers)
A little before His death, they were called His FRIENDS   (John 15:15)
Now he calls them BROTHERS

And after the Spirit is poured out,  as Paul tells us in Ephesians,

We are His BODY!

We are His BRIDE!

We are  "ONE FLESH"


This begins the 40 days during which Jesus appeared to many between His resurrection and His ascension.

Acts 1:3
To whom He also presented Himself alive after His suffering by many infallible proofs,  being seen by them during forty days and speaking of  the things pertaining to the kingdom of God.   (NKJV)

1 Corinthians 15:4-8
And that He was buried,  and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,  and that He was seen by Cephas,  then by the twelve.  After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once,  of  whom the greater part remain to the present,  but some have fallen asleep.  After that He was seen by James,  then by all the apostles.   (NKJV)


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Mark 16:12, 13
(12)   After that, He appeared in another form to two of them as they walked and went into the country.
(13)  And they went and told it to the rest, but they did not believe them either.
Luke 24:13-35
(13)   Now behold, two of them were traveling that same day to a village called Emmaus, which was seven miles from Jerusalem.  (14)  And they talked together of all these things which had happened.  (15)  So it was, while they conversed and reasoned, that Jesus Himself drew near and went with them.  (16)  But their eyes were restrained, so that they did not know Him.
(17)  And He said to them, "What kind of conversation is this that you have with one another as you walk and are sad?"
(18)  Then the one whose name was Cleopas answered and said to Him, "Are You the only stranger in Jerusalem, and have You not known the things which happened there in these days?"
(19)  And He said to them, "What things?"
So they said to Him, "The things concerning Jesus of Nazareth, who was a Prophet mighty in deed and word before God and all the people,  (20)  and how the chief priests and our rulers delivered Him to be condemned to death, and crucified Him.  (21)  But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.  (22)  Yes, and certain women of our company, who arrived at the tomb early, astonished us.  (23)  When they did not find His body, they came saying that they had also seen a vision of angels who said He was alive.  (24)  And certain of those who were with us went to the tomb and found it just as the women had said; but Him they did not see."
(25)  Then He said to them, "O foolish ones, and slow of heart to believe in all that the prophets have spoken!  (26)  Ought not the Christ to have suffered these things and to enter into His glory?"  (27)  And beginning at Moses and all the Prophets, He expounded to them in all the Scriptures the things concerning Himself.
(28)  Then they drew near to the village where they were going, and He indicated that He would have gone farther.  (29)  But they constrained Him, saying, "Abide with us, for it is toward evening, and the day is far spent." And He went in to stay with them.
(30)  Now it came to pass, as He sat at the table with them, that He took bread, blessed and broke it, and gave it to them.  (31)  Then their eyes were opened and they knew Him; and He vanished from their sight.
(32)  And they said to one another, "Did not our heart burn within us while He talked with us on the road, and while He opened the Scriptures to us?"
 (33)  So they rose up that very hour and returned to Jerusalem, and found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together,  (34)  saying, "The Lord is risen indeed, and has appeared to Simon!"  (35)  And they told about the things that had happened on the road, and how He was known to them in the breaking of bread.

Seven miles from Jerusalem

From "threescore furlongs"
Emmaus was 60 furlongs or stadia - 7 or 8 miles from Jerusalem.
In what direction is not stated.

Barnes says:

In regard to the locality of Emmaus, it seems quite probable that it is the same village which is referred to by Josephus ("Jewish Wars," vii. 6, Section 6), who states that, after the destruction of Jerusalem, Titus gave "Emmaus," distant from Jerusalem threescore furlongs, to 800 of his troops, whom he had dismissed from his army, for their habitation. Dr. Thomson ("The Land and the Book," vol. ii. p. 307, 540) regards it as the present Kuriet el 'Aineb, which Dr. Robinson identifies with Kirjath-jearim. Of this place he says: "Kuriet el 'Aineb itself would be the proper distance from Jerusalem, and being on the road to Jaffa, and on the dividing ridge between the plain and the mountains, the Roman emperor might have deemed it an advantageous post for a colony made up of his disbanded soldiers, who could keep in check the surrounding country. Certain it is that in these later ages the occupants of this place have controlled the whole adjacent region, and for many a generation exercised their lawless tyranny upon helpless pilgrims.

"It took just three hours' moderate riding from Kuriet el 'Aineb to Jerusalem: first, a long descent into Wady Hanina, which passes between it and Soba; then a similar ascent, succeeded by a very steep pass, and a very slippery path down to Kulonia. At this place are some heavy foundations of church, convent, or castle by the road-side, which may be of almost any age, and also gardens of fruit-trees, irrigated by a fountain of excellent water. Kulonia is on a hill north of the road, and appears in a fair way to become a ruin itself before long. The path then winds up a valley, and stretches over a dreary waste of bare rocks until within a mile of the city, when the view opens upon its naked ramparts and the mysterious regions toward the Dead Sea."
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

Jesus drew near and went with them

Cleopas - Father of  James the less  -husband of Mary (Maria),  sister of Mary (Miriam) -
Some think the other was Luke - one of the 70.

The verb  "went with"  in the imperfect.
The use of  the imperfect here is very beautiful.  Jesus drew near while they were absorbed in their talk,  and was ALREADY WALKING WITH THEM when they observed Him.

Foolish ones and slow of heart

The AV has "Fools" - This is an unfortunate translation,  in the light of the ordinary,  popular use of the word  "fool." Jesus would never have called those sorrowful disciples "fools" in that sense.
The word is compounded of "a" (not),  and  "noeoo,"  which implies,  besides  "seeing,"  perception of  the mind as consequent upon sight.  It is therefore equivalent to  "dull of  perception."
They had read what the prophets had spoken,  but had failed to perceive its application to Christ.

"Slow of heart,"  goes deeper,  and contemplates the region of feeling and moral susceptibility.
So in this phrase we find a two-fold rebuke:

1. To the UNDERSTANDING - They were Dull of  Perception
2. To the UNBELIEVING - Their Slowness (Hardness) of  Heart

Took bread...Blessed...Broke...Gave

The father of  the house,  or the master of the meal commonly did this.
They had seen Jesus do this countless times before.
The entire life and ministry of  Jesus is wrapped up in these three words:

1. He Blessed - God - (the word for blessed is used of  blessing God)
2. He Broke - The Bread - (He was that bread)
3. He Gave - The Bread - (to His Followers)

 "And gave"  is also in the imperfect,  indicating that while He was in the act of  distributing they recognized Him.


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Luke 24:36-43
(36)   Now as they said these things, Jesus Himself stood in the midst of them, and said to them, "Peace to you."  (37)  But they were terrified and frightened, and supposed they had seen a spirit. 
(38)  And He said to them, "Why are you troubled? And why do doubts arise in your hearts?  (39)  Behold My hands and My feet, that it is I Myself. Handle Me and see, for a spirit does not have flesh and bones as you see I have."
(40)  When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His feet.  (41)  But while they still did not believe for joy, and marveled, He said to them, "Have you any food here?"  (42)  So they gave Him a piece of a broiled fish and some honeycomb.  (43)  And He took it and ate in their presence.
John 20:19-25
(19)   Then, the same day at evening, being the first day of the week, when the doors were shut where the disciples were assembled, for fear of the Jews, Jesus came and stood in the midst, and said to them, "Peace be with you."  
(20)  When He had said this, He showed them His hands and His side. Then the disciples were glad when they saw the Lord.
(21)  So Jesus said to them again, "Peace to you! As the Father has sent Me, I also send you."  (22)  And when He had said this, He breathed on them, and said to them, "Receive the Holy Spirit.  (23)  If you forgive the sins of any, they are forgiven them; if you retain the sins of any, they are retained."
(24)   Now Thomas, called the Twin, one of the twelve, was not with them when Jesus came.  (25)  The other disciples therefore said to him, "We have seen the Lord."  So he said to them, "Unless I see in His hands the print of the nails, and put my finger into the print of the nails, and put my hand into His side, I will not believe."

It was the same day,  as it was toward evening when the two of  Emmaus had constrained Him,  and when they recognized Him,  He vanished and they rose up that very hour,  and returned to Jerusalem (Lk.24:33).

They were still talking about what had happened when the Lord appeared in their midst

It is also a possibility that this is according to the Roman usage,  reckoning from midnight to midnight (considering that they had made a 7 mile walk,  which they would not do on the Sabbath),  which would make it toward the close of the first day.

The doors were shut

The faith of  the disciples was not very strong,  and they were under the impression that they would be the next victims if  found.  Some think,  therefore,  that they had the doors not only shut,  but barricaded.

Why do doubts arise

As if He had said,  "Why do you reason about a matter which your spiritual perception ought to discern at once?"

He breathed on them

The act was symbolic,  after the manner of the Hebrew prophets.

Ezekiel 37:5
Thus says the Lord GOD to these bones: "Surely I will cause breath to enter into you, and you shall live.  (NKJV)
And Ezekiel 37:6
 “...and put breath in you; and you shall live. Then you shall know that I am the LORD."  (NKJV)

The feast of  the Passover Represented His death,  burial,  and resurrection
The New Life breathed As to the awareness of it
The feast of  Pentecost Represented the beginning of the New Life
The New Life breathed As to the exercising of it
The Gift of  Passover The Quickening
The Gift of  Pentecost The Endowing
The Gift of  Passover The Power of  Resurrection
The Gift of  Pentecost The Power of  Ascension
The Gift of  Passover Produces Victory
The Gift of  Pentecost Produces Sovereignty

If you forgive the sins of any

Jesus gave an example of  this with the man let down through the roof ( Luke 5:20).

James 5:14,15 could fall into this classification:
Is anyone among you sick? Let him call for the elders of the church, and let them pray over him, anointing him with oil in the name of the Lord.  And the prayer of faith will save the sick, and the Lord will raise him up. And if he has committed sins, he will be forgiven.    (NKJV)

If you retain the sins of any

The examples we find are:

1. Acts 5:4,5, 9,10 Ananias and Saphira
2. Acts 8:18-24 Simon of  Samaria
3. 1 Corinthians 5:3-5 Paul

Jesus did not speak this to the disciples so that they could use this power at will.
This statement is directly connected with vs. 22,  "Receive ye the Holy Ghost."
And this power is always and only to be exercised:

1. Under the direction of  the Holy Ghost
2. In the Spirit of  Divine Discernment

Acts 5:4-11
While it remained, was it not your own? And after it was sold, was it not in your own control? Why have you conceived this thing in your heart? You have not lied to men but to God."
Then Ananias, hearing these words, fell down and breathed his last. So great fear came upon all those who heard these things.  And the young men arose and wrapped him up, carried him out, and buried him.
Now it was about three hours later when his wife came in, not knowing what had happened. And Peter answered her, "Tell me whether you sold the land for so much?"
She said, "Yes, for so much."
Then Peter said to her, "How is it that you have agreed together to test the Spirit of the Lord? Look, the feet of those who have buried your husband are at the door, and they will carry you out."  Then immediately she fell down at his feet and breathed her last. And the young men came in and found her dead, and carrying her out, buried her by her husband. So great fear came upon all the church and upon all who heard these things.    (NKJV)

Acts 8:18-24
And when Simon saw that through the laying on of the apostles' hands the Holy Spirit was given, he offered them money,  saying, "Give me this power also, that anyone on whom I lay hands may receive the Holy Spirit."
But Peter said to him, "Your money perish with you, because you thought that the gift of God could be purchased with money!  You have neither part nor portion in this matter, for your heart is not right in the sight of God.  Repent therefore of this your wickedness, and pray God if perhaps the thought of your heart may be forgiven you.  For I see that you are poisoned by bitterness and bound by iniquity."
Then Simon answered and said, "Pray to the Lord for me, that none of the things which you have spoken may come upon me."    (NKJV)

1 Corinthians 5:1-5
It is actually reported that there is sexual immorality among you, and such sexual immorality as is not even named among the Gentiles -- that a man has his father's wife!  And you are puffed up, and have not rather mourned, that he who has done this deed might be taken away from among you.  For I indeed, as absent in body but present in spirit, have already judged (as though I were present) him who has so done this deed.  In the name of our Lord Jesus Christ, when you are gathered together, along with my spirit, with the power of our Lord Jesus Christ,  deliver such a one to Satan for the destruction of the flesh, that his spirit may be saved in the day of the Lord Jesus.    (NKJV)

I will not believe

The unbelief of  Thomas becomes:

1. UNREASONABLE Ten of the apostles,  plus other disciples who were with them witnessed that they had seen Jesus,  but he rejected their testimony.
2. OBSTINATE He was determined not to believe on any evidence that it might please God to give him:  he would believe according to his own prejudices, or not at all.
3. PRESUMPTUOUS A view of the person of  Jesus will not suffice:  he will not believe that it is He, unless he can put his finger into the holes in His hands, and thrust his hand into the wound in the Lord's side. He will  believe only if  his own conditions are met.
4. INSOLENT It was enough for the others to only see His hands and feet, but Thomas was going to have to feel them.

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John 20:26-29
(26)  And after eight days His disciples were again inside, and Thomas with them. Jesus came, the doors being shut, and stood in the midst, and said, "Peace to you!"  (27)  Then He said to Thomas, "Reach your finger here, and look at My hands; and reach your hand here, and put it into My side. Do not be unbelieving, but believing."
(28)  And Thomas answered and said to Him, "My Lord and my God!"
(29)  Jesus said to him, "Thomas, because you have seen Me, you have believed. Blessed are those who have not seen and yet have believed."

Another week had gone by between the appearance of  Jesus to the disciples with Thomas absent,  and this time when Thomas was with them.

Up until now,  they had seen Jesus on two successive  "first days" of  the week.

Jesus used the very words Thomas had used a week before when he had refused to believe.

Merely because Jesus did not  APPEAR  TO  THEM 
did not necessarily mean that He was not WITH  THEM.

The others had acknowledged Him the Christ - the Messiah
But Thomas was first to acknowledge Him as God.

The importance and excellence of implicit faith in the testimony of God is thus stated by Rabbi. Tanchum:
"Rab. Simeon ben Lachesh saith,  The proselyte is more beloved by the holy blessed God than that whole crowd that stood before Mount Sinai; for unless they had heard the thundering, and seen the flames and lightning, the hills trembling, and the trumpets sounding, they had not received the law. But the proselyte hath seen nothing of all this, and yet he hath come in, devoting himself to the holy blessed God, and hath taken upon him (the yoke of) the kingdom of heaven."
(from Adam Clarke's Commentary, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1996 by Biblesoft)

In the first three appearances of Christ, we can see the different results.

Mary The issue was her love for Christ.
She missed Him and wanted to take care of  His body.
The 10 The issue was their hope.
All their hope was gone; they were locked in a room, huddling together in fear!
Thomas The issue was faith
He would not believe unless he saw proof.
Because Jesus Christ is alive today,  our faith is secure.
"And if Christ be not raised, your faith is vain" (1 Corinthians 15:17).
We have a living hope through His resurrection from the dead.
1 Corinthians 15:19 says,  "If in this life only we have hope in Christ, we are of all men most miserable."
(from The Bible Exposition Commentary. Copyright (c) 1992 by SP Publications, Inc. All rights reserved.)

Romans 10:17
So faith comes by hearing [what is told], and what is heard comes by the preaching [of the message that came from the lips] of Christ (the Messiah Himself).    (AMP)

Hebrews 11:1
NOW FAITH is the assurance (the confirmation, the title deed) of the things [we] hope for, being the proof of things [we] do not see and the conviction of their reality [faith perceiving as real fact what is not revealed to the senses].    (AMP)

2 Corinthians 4:18
Since we consider and look not to the things that are seen but to the things that are unseen; for the things that are visible are temporal (brief and fleeting), but the things that are invisible are deathless and everlasting.   (AMP)

And we must never forget - we are the only part of God the world sees!
How will they believe if  we do not reveal the love of God in our own lives?


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John 21:1-25
(1)   After these things Jesus showed Himself again to the disciples at the Sea of  Tiberias, and in this way He showed Himself:  (2)  Simon Peter, Thomas called the Twin, Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, the sons of Zebedee, and two others of His disciples were together.  (3)  Simon Peter said to them, "I am going fishing."
They said to him, "We are going with you also." They went out and immediately got into the boat, and that night they caught nothing.  (4)  But when the morning had now come, Jesus stood on the shore; yet the disciples did not know that it was Jesus.  (5)  Then Jesus said to them, "Children, have you any food?"
They answered Him, "No."
(6)  And He said to them, "Cast the net on the right side of the boat, and you will find some." So they cast, and now they were not able to draw it in because of the multitude of fish.
(7)  Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved said to Peter, "It is the Lord!" Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he put on his outer garment (for he had removed it), and plunged into the sea.  (8)  But the other disciples came in the little boat (for they were not far from land, but about two hundred cubits), dragging the net with fish.  (9)  Then, as soon as they had come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid on it, and bread.  (10)  Jesus said to them, "Bring some of  the fish which you have just caught."
(11)  Simon Peter went up and dragged the net to land, full of large fish, one hundred and fifty-three; and although there were so many, the net was not broken.  (12)  Jesus said to them, "Come and eat breakfast." Yet none of the disciples dared ask Him, "Who are You?" -- knowing that it was the Lord.  (13)  Jesus then came and took the bread and gave it to them, and likewise the fish.
(14)  This is now the third time Jesus showed Himself to His disciples after He was raised from the dead.
(15)  So when they had eaten breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me more than these?"
He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You."
He said to him, "Feed My lambs."
(16)  He said to him again a second time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?"
He said to Him, "Yes, Lord; You know that I love You."
He said to him, "Tend My sheep."
(17)  He said to him the third time, "Simon, son of Jonah, do you love Me?" Peter was grieved because He said to him the third time, "Do you love Me?"
And he said to Him, "Lord, You know all things; You know that I love You."
Jesus said to him, "Feed My sheep.  (18)  Most assuredly, I say to you, when you were younger, you girded yourself and walked where you wished; but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will gird you and carry you where you do not wish."  (19)  This He spoke, signifying by what death he would glorify God. And when He had spoken this, He said to him, "Follow Me."
(20)  Then Peter, turning around, saw the disciple whom Jesus loved following, who also had leaned on His breast at the supper, and said, "Lord, who is the one who betrays You?"  (21)  Peter, seeing him, said to Jesus, "But Lord, what about this man?"
(22)  Jesus said to him, "If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you? You follow Me."
(23)  Then this saying went out among the brethren that this disciple would not die. Yet Jesus did not say to him that he would not die, but, "If I will that he remain till I come, what is that to you?"
(24)  This is the disciple who testifies of these things, and wrote these things; and we know that his testimony is true.
(25)  And there are also many other things that Jesus did, which if they were written one by one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that would be written. Amen.

The Seven

Simon Peter
Thomas called the Twin
Nathanael of Cana of Galilee
Sons of  Zebedee  (James and John)
Two unnamed disciples

I am going fishing

The Lord had instructed His disciples to meet Him in Galilee, which helps to explain why they were at the Sea of Galilee, or Sea of  Tiberias (Matt 26:3228:7-10 and Mark 16:7)
But John did not explain why Peter decided to go fishing, and Bible students are not in agreement in their suggestions.

Some claim that he was perfectly within his rights, that he needed to pay his bills and the best way to get money was to go fishing. Why sit around idle? Get busy!
Others believe that Peter had been called from that kind of life (Luke 5:1-11) and that it was wrong for him to return Furthermore, when he went fishing, Peter took six other men with him! If he was wrong, they were wrong too; and it is a sad thing when a believer leads others astray.
(from The Bible Exposition Commentary. Copyright (c) 1989 by SP Publications, Inc. All rights reserved.)

His outer garment...he had removed it

Many translations have: He was naked.
He was only in his vest. This word, "gumnos," is often used to signify the absence of the upper garment only.
In 1 Samuel 19:24,  when Saul had put off his upper garments,  he is said to have been "gumnos"
(According to the LXX), or naked.

Two hundred cubits

A little over 100 yards (see cubit)

The Draught of  Fish

The significant differences between the circumstances of  the miraculous draught of  fishes at the beginning of
the Lord's ministry (Luke 5), and of  this after the Resurrection have frequently been noted.
Augustine draws them out very well:

  The First Draught of  Fish The Second Draught of  Fish
1. The symbol of the Church at present The symbol of  the Church perfected
2. Contains the good and bad Contains the good only
3. Jesus also is on the water Jesus is on land
4. The draught of  fish is left in the boats The draught of  fish is  landed on the beach
5. Nets are let down (in general) The nets are let down only on the right side
6. The nets are breaking The nets are secure
7. The boats were about to sink The fish were not brought on board, so the boat was in no danger of sinking
8. The fish are not numbered The number given is 153 large fish

Do you love me?

The two words used here for "love":

agapás verb - the noun is agape  
  To have love for someone or something, based on sincere appreciation and high regard
Used to describe the attitude of God toward His Son
Used to convey His will on our attitude one toward another  and toward all
Used to express the essential nature of God
  Denotes an inclination prompted by sense and emotion
More nearly represents "tender affection."
To have love or affection for someone or something based on association
One significant clue to possible meaningful differences in at least some contexts is the fact that people are
never commanded to love one another with but only with .
(from Greek-English Lexicon Based on Semantic Domain. Copyright (c) 1988 United Bible Societies, New York. Used by permission.)

The happy meal ended in silence, and then Jesus addressed His weak  but fond Apostle:

1st Question
Jesus to Peter "Simon... do you love me more than these?"
Jesus uses the more dignified, really the nobler word for love.
It could almost be translated: "Simon do you honor me?"
And, not only  "do you honor me,"  (bringing back the painful memory of  Mt. 26:33: "Though all men shall be offended because of thee, yet will I never be offended").
A perfect love,  not affected by human emotions.
Peter to Jesus "Lord... I love you."
Peter's profession differs in 2 important points from the question proposed:
1. Peter does not assume any superiority over the others, as he does not repeat "more than these."
2. Peter lays claim only to the feeling of natural love.  It is a warmer,  more affectionate word -from the emotions.
1st Reply by Jesus
Jesus to Peter "Feed my lambs"
The word for feed being  "boske," - to feed.
Godet says:  "There is a remarkable resemblance between the present situation and that of the
two scenes in the previous life of  Peter with which it is related.
He had been called to the ministry by Jesus after a miraculous draught of fishes.
It is after a similar draught that the ministry is restored to him.
He had lost his office by a denial beside a fire of coal, and in front of one of his fellow disciples.
It is beside a fire of coal and before 6 of  his fellow disciples that he recovers it."

A short pause, as we must suppose, followed; and then the question was repeated a second time.

2nd Question
Jesus to Peter "Simon... do you love me?"
This time the thought of comparison is omitted. But the question is pressed again.
Peter to Jesus "Lord... I love you."
Peter's answer is identically the same as before.
He still shrinks from taking to himself the loftier word.
2nd Reply by Jesus
Jesus to Peter "Feed my sheep"
This word feed is from 'poimaine' - "TEND - be shepherd of - my sheep."
The lambs require to be fed;  the sheep require to be guided.
The watchful care and rule to be exercised over the mature believer sometimes calls for greater skill and tenderness than the feeding of  the young and simple.

And then the third time the Savior looks intently at Peter and asks:

3rd Question
Jesus to Peter "Simon... do you love me?"
This time Jesus adopts the word Peter had used.
Just as the idea of comparison was given up before, so now the idea of the loftiest love  is given up.
It is as if the Lord would test to the very depth the truth of the feeling that Peter claimed.
Peter to Jesus "Lord... I love you."
The three questions could not but recall the three denials.
And the form of  this last question could not but vividly bring back the thought of  the failure of  personal devotion at the moment of the trial.
So  "Peter was grieved"  not only that the question was put again,  but that this 3rd time the phrase was changed.
The third time reveals it all,  bringing up such a rush of  dreadful recollections before his view, of  his "denying three times that he even knew Him,"  that he feels it to the quick.
It was fitting that he should;  it was meant that he should.
Failure had taught him humility,  and therefore he will neither claim a pre-eminence in affection,  nor adopt the word of the Savior's question,  which involved deep honor and devotion
and esteem;  but will substitute for it that weaker word,  which yet best expressed the warm human affection of his heart.
But this accomplished, the painful dialogue concludes with a delightful 3rd reply from His Lord.
3rd Reply by Jesus
Jesus to Peter "Feed my sheep"
He returns here to the use of the word "boske,"  feed.
The mature no less than the young require their appropriate sustenance.
Provision must be made for their support as well as for their guidance.
And this is the last and most difficult part of the pastor's office.

More than these?

The word  these  may be in the neuter gender,  and refer to these things his boat,  his fishing utensils,  and his employments.
Or it may be in the masculine, and refer to the apostles.

Regardless, the question to each of us would be the same:
Are you willing to give up your comfort and security?
Are you willing to give up your pride?
Are you willing to give up all  (everything you have and everything you are) and follow me?

My lambs - My sheep

It will be noticed that the Lord retains His own right to those who are committed to the apostle's care.
We belong to Jesus
- and the Pastor must remember that the flock is the Lord's.

Ezekiel 34:2-10
Son of man, prophesy against the shepherds of Israel, prophesy and say to them, 'Thus says the Lord GOD to the shepherds:  "Woe to the shepherds of  Israel who feed themselves! Should not the shepherds feed the flocks?  You eat the fat and clothe yourselves with the wool;  you slaughter the fatlings, but you do not feed the flock.  The weak you have not strengthened,  nor have you healed those who were sick,  nor bound up the broken,  nor brought back what was driven away,  nor sought what was lost;  but with force and cruelty you have ruled them.  So they were scattered because there was no shepherd; and they became food for all the beasts of the field when they were scattered... and no one was seeking or searching for them.
Therefore, you shepherds, hear the word of the LORD:  "As I live," says the Lord GOD,  "surely because My flock became a prey,  and My flock became food for every beast of  the field, because there was no shepherd, nor did My shepherds search for My flock,  but the shepherds fed themselves and did not feed My flock" —   therefore, O shepherds, hear the word of the LORD!  Thus says the Lord GOD:  "Behold,  I am against the shepherds, and I will require My flock at their hand.      (NKJV)

You will stretch out your hands

Wetstein observes that it was a custom at Rome to put the necks of those who were to be crucified into a yoke, and to stretch out their hands and fasten them to the end of it; and having thus led them through the city they were carried out to be crucified.

Follow Me

The end of martyrdom having now been shown,  the Lord repeated the command given before under different circumstances;  Follow Me!

What had been impossible before the apostle's fall became possible for him now.
The command itself,  as given before and after the Resurrection,  has necessarily different, though analogous, meanings.

During the Lord's earthly life following Him implied the abandonment of previous occupations and duties; attendance upon Him even when He entered on strange and mysterious paths;  participation in disgrace and danger.
Now to  "Follow Christ"  required further the perception of  His course;  the spiritual discernment by which His movements can still be discovered;  and yet further the readiness to accept martyrdom as the end.

The ancients say that Peter was crucified at Rome,  about 34 years after this,  with his head downward.
Clemens says that he was led to the crucifixion with his wife,  and sustained her in her sufferings by exhorting her to remember the example of  her Lord.  He also adds that he died,  not as the philosophers did,  but with a firm hope of  heaven,  and patiently endured the pangs of the cross (Strom. vii.).
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)

Peter, turning around...saw

Immediately after Jesus said "Follow Me" Peter:

Turned around Stopped following Jesus
Looked at his fellow disciple Took his eyes off  Jesus
Asked about his fellow disciple Focused his attention on someone other than Jesus

Peter was being summoned to an undeviating,  faithful walk,  to set his face like flint,  even as Jesus had done in view of the approaching cross.

In verse 19 Jesus said: "Follow Me"
In verse 22 Jesus said: "You follow Me"

You can almost see Jesus pointing at Peter as saying, "My will for John is none of your business. but as for you,  you follow me."

It is remarkable that John was the last of  the apostles;  that he lived to nearly the close of the first century,  and then died a peaceful death at Ephesus,  being the only one,  as is supposed,  of  the apostles who did not suffer martyrdom.
(from Barnes' Notes, Electronic Database. Copyright (c) 1997 by Biblesoft)


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Matthew 28:16-20
(16)   Then the eleven disciples went away into Galilee, to the mountain which Jesus had appointed for them. (17)  When they saw Him, they worshiped Him; but some doubted.
(18)  And Jesus came and spoke to them, saying, "All authority has been given to Me in heaven and on earth. (19)  Go therefore and make disciples of all the nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit,   (20)  teaching them to observe all things that I have commanded you; and lo, I am with you always, even to the end of the age." Amen.

Mark 16:15-18
(15)   And He said to them, "Go into all the world and preach the gospel to every creature.  (16)  He who believes and is baptized will be saved; but he who does not believe will be condemned.  (17)  And these signs will follow those who believe: In My name they will cast out demons; they will speak with new tongues;  (18)  they will take up serpents; and if they drink anything deadly, it will by no means hurt them; they will lay hands on the sick, and they will recover."

A mountain which Jesus had appointed for them

It should have been rendered  "the mountain,"  meaning some certain mountain which He had named to them -  probably the night before He suffered,  when he said,  " After I am risen,  I will go before you into Galilee" (Matthew 26:32; Mark 14:28).  This is also possibly the same place and time as I Corinthians 15:6, when  "He was seen of above five hundred brethren at once."

As to which mountain it was,  opinions are divided - the Mount of the Beatitudes, or Mount Tabor.

Baptizing them

Baptize is from "bapto" - to dip in or under (also used of dyed or colored material).
"Baptizo" occurs in the sense of  "to immerse"  from the time of  Hippocrates.
Also  "to sink the ship,"  "to sink,"  "to drown,"  "to perish."
The sense of  "to bathe"  or  "to wash"  is only occasionally found in Hellenism,  usually in sacral contexts.
The idea of going under or perishing is nearer the general usage.

In the name

"In"  is  "eis" - into - denoting union or communion with, as Romans 6:3,  "baptized into (eis) Christ Jesus;  into His death;" i.e.,  we are brought by baptism into a fellowship with His death.
Baptism has the implication of a spiritual and mystical union with Him.

The name is not the mere designation,  a sense that would give to the baptismal formula merely the force of a charm. 

The name,  as in the Lord's Prayer  ("Hallowed (Holy)  be thy name"),  is the expression of  the sum total of  the Divine Being:  not His designation as God or Lord,  but the formula in which all His attributes and characteristics are summed up.  The finite mind can deal with Him only through His name;  but His name is of  no avail detached from His nature.

1. The Name of the Father
"I am come in my Father's name," John 5:43
(Of all the Jehovah titles, this was the last).
2. The Name of the Son
"And you shall call His name Jesus, for He will save His people from their sins." 
Matthew 1:21
3. The Name of the Holy Spirit
"...the Holy Spirit, whom the Father will send in My name..."

Isaiah explains it this way:
For to us a child is born,
to us a son is given,
and the government will be on his shoulders.
And he will be called
Wonderful Counselor,
Mighty God,
Everlasting Father,
Prince of Peace.
Of the increase of his government and peace there will be no end. He will reign on David's throne
and over his kingdom, establishing and upholding it with justice and righteousness from that time on and forever. (Isaiah 9:6-7 NIV)

Baptize them in the name of the Father the Son the Holy Spirit   Matthew.28:19
  LORD JESUS CHRIST   Acts 2:388:16; 19:5
Both saying the same thing.

I am with you always

The "I" is emphatic.
It is enough that I; even I am with you always -"all the days" -i.e., till making converts, baptizing, and building them up by Christian instruction, shall be no more.

"...behold, I am with you all the days ( perpetually, uniformly, and on every occasion), to the [very] close and consummation of the age."     (AMP)

This glorious commission embraces two primary departments (the Missionary and the Pastoral) with two sublime and comprehensive encouragements to undertake and go through with them:

The MISSIONARY (Matt 28:18) "Go, make disciples of all nations"
In the corresponding passage of  Mark (Mark 16:15),  it is,  "Go ye into all the world, and preach the Gospel to every creature."
The only difference is: 
In Mark the Sphere,  in its worldwide compass and its universality of  Objects,  is more fully and definitely expressed.
While in Matthew the great Aim and certain Result is delightfully expressed.

Was all this meant to be done by the Eleven, in their lifetime? Surely not. In that little band Jesus virtually addressed Himself to all who, in every age, should take up from them the same work.

1st  ENCOURAGEMENT (Matt 28:18) "All Authority in Heaven and Earth"
The whole power of  Heaven's love and wisdom and strength, and  "all power in earth"  -  power over all persons,  all passions,  all principles,  all movements - to bend them to this one high object,  the evangelization of the world:  All this  "is given unto Me,"  as the risen Lord of all,  to be by Me placed at your command - "Go ye therefore."
The PASTORAL (Matt 28:20) "Teach them"
Teach these members of the visible Church  "to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you,"  during the three years you have been with Me.
2nd  ENCOURAGEMENT (Matt 28:20) "I am with you ALWAYS"
Not only to perpetuity,  but also without one day's interruption,  "even to the end of the world."

Another appearance of Jesus during this time is unrecorded in the Gospels,  and is known to us from a single allusion in 1 Corinthians 15:3-8:  "For I delivered to you first of all that which I also received:  that Christ died for our sins according to the Scriptures,   and that He was buried, and that He rose again the third day according to the Scriptures,  and that He was seen by Cephas, then by the twelve.  After that He was seen by over five hundred brethren at once,  of whom the greater part remain to the present,  but some have fallen asleep.  After that He was seen by James,  then by all the apostles.  Then last of all He was seen by me also, as by one born out of due time."       (NKJV)


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Mark 16:19-20
(19)  So then, after the Lord had spoken to them, He was received up into heaven, and sat down at the right hand of God. 
(20)  And they went out and preached everywhere, the Lord working with them and confirming the word through the accompanying signs.
Luke 24:44-53
(44)   Then He said to them, "These are the words which I spoke to you while I was still with you, that all things must be fulfilled which were written in the Law of Moses and the Prophets and the Psalms concerning Me."   (45)  And He opened their understanding, that they might comprehend the Scriptures.
(46)  Then He said to them, "Thus it is written, and thus it was necessary for the Christ to suffer and to rise from the dead the third day,   (47)  and that repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.  (48)  And you are witnesses of these things.  
(49)  Behold, I send the Promise of  My Father upon you; but tarry in the city of Jerusalem until you are endued with power from on high."
(50)   And He led them out as far as Bethany, and He lifted up His hands and blessed them.   (51)  Now it came to pass, while He blessed them, that He was parted from them and carried up into heaven. 
(52)  And they worshiped Him, and returned to Jerusalem with great joy,   (53)  and were continually in the temple praising and blessing God. Amen.
Acts 1:4-12
(4)   And being assembled together with them, He commanded them not to depart from Jerusalem, but to wait for the Promise of the Father, "which," He said, "you have heard from Me;   (5 ) for John truly baptized with water, but you shall be baptized with the Holy Spirit not many days from now."  
(6)  Therefore, when they had come together, they asked Him, saying, "Lord, will You at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?"  
(7 ) And He said to them, "It is not for you to know times or seasons which the Father has put in His own authority.  
(8)  But you shall receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you; and you shall be witnesses to Me in Jerusalem, and in all Judea and Samaria, and to the end of the earth."
(9)   Now when He had spoken these things, while they watched, He was taken up, and a cloud received Him out of their sight.
(10)   And while they looked steadfastly toward heaven as He went up, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel,   (11)  who also said, "Men of Galilee, why do you stand gazing up into heaven? This same Jesus, who was taken up from you into heaven, will so come in like manner as you saw Him go into heaven."
(12)   Then they returned to Jerusalem from the mount called Olivet, which is near Jerusalem, a Sabbath day's journey.

John 21:25
And there are also many other things which Jesus did.  If they should be all recorded one by one [in detail],  I suppose that even the world itself could not contain (have room for) the books that would be written.     (AMP)

John 20:30-31
There are also many other signs and miracles which Jesus performed in the presence of the disciples which are not written in this book.
But these are written (recorded) in order that you may believe that Jesus is the Christ (the Anointed One),  the Son of God,  and that through believing and cleaving to and trusting and relying upon Him you may have life through (in) His name [through Who He is].    (AMP)

Throughout this study we have seen and learned many wondrous things - but the question has been asked:
Why these stories?   Why these things?  What about all those things not written?

The reason these things were written:
Luke 24:46 To show that it was necessary for the Christ to suffer
Luke 24:46 To show that it was necessary for the Christ to rise from the dead the third day
Luke 24:46 That repentance and remission of sins should be preached in His name to all nations, beginning at Jerusalem.
John 3:17 That the world through Him might be saved
John 12:46 That whoever believes in Me should not live in darkness.
John 20:31 That we might believe - and live

But this is not the end of the story.
The end is told in Revelations

Revelations 1:12-19  -  Speaking to John on the island Patmos
Then I turned to see the voice that spoke with me.  And having turned I saw seven golden lampstands, and in the midst of the seven lampstands  One like the Son of Man,  clothed with a garment down to the feet and girded about the chest with a golden band.  His head and hair were white like wool, as white as snow, and His eyes like a flame of fire;  His feet were like fine brass, as if refined in a furnace, and His voice as the sound of many waters;  He had in His right hand seven stars, out of  His mouth went a sharp two-edged sword, and His countenance was like the sun shining in its strength.
And when I saw Him,  I fell at His feet as dead.
But He laid His right hand on me, saying to me,
"Do not be afraid;  I am the First and the Last.  I am He who lives, and was dead,  and behold,  I am alive forevermore. Amen.  And I have the keys of  Hades and of  Death.  Write the things which you have seen."

Revelations 21:9-12
Then one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls filled with the seven last plagues came to me and talked with me,  saying,
"Come, I will show you the bride, the Lamb's wife."
And he carried me away in the Spirit to a great and high mountain, and showed me the great city, the holy Jerusalem, descending out of heaven from God,  having the glory of God.
Her light was like a most precious stone, like a jasper stone, clear as crystal.

Revelations 22:12-17
And behold,  I am coming quickly,  and My reward is with Me,  to give to every one according to his work.
I am the Alpha and the Omega,  the Beginning and the End,  the First and the Last.
Blessed are those who do His commandments,  that they may have the right to the tree of life,  and may enter through the gates into the city.
But outside are dogs and sorcerers and sexually immoral and murderers and idolaters, and whoever loves and practices a lie.
"I, Jesus, have sent My angel to testify to you these things in the churches.
I am the Root and the Offspring of  David, the Bright and Morning Star."
And the Spirit and the bride say, "Come!"
And let him who hears say,  "Come!"
And let him who thirsts come.
Whoever desires, let him take the water of life freely.

He who has ears to hear ... let him hear!


(End of Lesson Twenty Five)


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